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Exploring the polycentric city with multi-worker households: an agent-based microeconomic model

Author

Listed:
  • Rémi Lemoy

    () (University of Luxembourg [Luxembourg], LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Charles Raux

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pablo Jensen

    () (IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes - UJML - Université Jean Moulin - Lyon III - Université de Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Inria - Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - INSA Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon - Université de Lyon - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UJF - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon, LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Phys-ENS - Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We propose an agent-based dynamics which leads an urban system to the standard equilibrium of the Alonso, Muth, Mills (AMM) framework. Starting for instance from a random initialization, agents move and bid for land, performing a kind of local search and finally leading the system to equilibrium rent, density and land use. Agreement with continuous analytical results is only limited by the discreteness of simulations. We then study polycentrism in cities with this tool. Two job centers are introduced, and the economic, social and environmental outcomes of various polycentric spatial structures are presented. We also introduce two-worker households whose partners may work in different job centers. When various two-worker households are mixed, polycentrism is desirable, as long as centers are not moved too far apart from each other. The environmental outcome is also positive, but housing surfaces increase.

Suggested Citation

  • Rémi Lemoy & Charles Raux & Pablo Jensen, 2016. "Exploring the polycentric city with multi-worker households: an agent-based microeconomic model," Post-Print hal-00602087, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00602087
    DOI: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2016.10.008
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00602087v5
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    File URL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00602087v5/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rémi Lemoy & Charles Raux & Pablo Jensen, 2013. "Where in cities do "rich" and "poor" people live? The urban economics model revisited," Working Papers hal-00805116, HAL.

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    Keywords

    agent-based model; urban economics; location choice; polycentric city; two-worker households;

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