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The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome


  • Inna Cintina

    () (University of Hawaii at Manoa Economic Research Organization)


The minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) requirements can affect teen fertility rates through changes in alcohol-induced risky sexual behavior. The direction of the effect can vary depending on changes in alcohol consumption context and intensity. Using micro-level data, I find that a decrease in the MLDA increases the probability of unwanted first pregnancy among 15-20 year-old blacks and poor whites. The effect on non-poor whites is not statistically significant. I find some evidence that the individual eligibility status at the time of first pregnancy rather than the state MLDA might affect fertility among non-poor whites.

Suggested Citation

  • Inna Cintina, 2013. "The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome," Working Papers 201309, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:201309

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
    2. R. Kaestner, 2000. "A note on the effect of minimum drinking age laws on youth alcohol consumption," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(3), pages 315-325, July.
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    More about this item


    Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA); Pregnancy; Fertility; Sexual Behavior; Alcohol Consumption; Discrete Hazard;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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