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The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome

Author

Listed:
  • Inna Cintina

    () (UHERO, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

Abstract

The minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) requirements can affect teen fertility rates through changes in alcohol-induced risky sexual behavior. The direction of the effect can vary depending on changes in alcohol consumption context and intensity. Using micro-level data, I find that a decrease in the MLDA increases the probability of unwanted first pregnancy among 15-20 year old blacks and poor whites. The effect on non-poor whites is not statistically significant. I find some evidence that the individual eligibility status at the time of first pregnancy rather than the state MLDA might affect fertility among non-poor whites.

Suggested Citation

  • Inna Cintina, 2011. "The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome," Working Papers 2011-6R, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa, revised Jun 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:hae:wpaper:2011-6r
    as

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    File URL: http://www.uhero.hawaii.edu/assets/WP_2011-6R.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2011
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. R. Kaestner, 2000. "A note on the effect of minimum drinking age laws on youth alcohol consumption," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(3), pages 315-325, July.
    2. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA); Pregnancy; Fertility; Sexual Behavior; Alcohol Consumption; Discrete Hazard;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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