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Comparing Parametric and Nonparametric Regression Methods for Panel Data: the Optimal Size of Polish Crop Farms

  • Tomasz Gerard Czekaj

    ()

    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Arne Henningsen

    ()

    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

We investigate and compare the suitability of parametric and non-parametric stochastic regression methods for analysing production technologies and the optimal firm size. Our theoretical analysis shows that the most commonly used functional forms in empirical production analysis, Cobb-Douglas and Translog, are unsuitable for analysing the optimal firm size. We show that the Translog functional form implies an implausible linear relationship between the (logarithmic) firm size and the elasticity of scale, where the slope is artificially related to the substitutability between the inputs. The practical applicability of the parametric and non-parametric regression methods is scrutinised and compared by an empirical example: we analyse the production technology and investigate the optimal size of Polish crop farms based on a firm-level balanced panel data set. A nonparametric specification test rejects both the Cobb-Douglas and the Translog functional form, while a recently developed nonparametric kernel regression method with a fully nonparametric panel data specification delivers plausible results. On average, the nonparametric regression results are similar to results that are obtained from the parametric estimates, although many individual results differ considerably. Moreover, the results from the parametric estimations even lead to incorrect conclusions regarding the technology and the optimal firm size.

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File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2012/WP_2012_12_parametric_and_nonparametric.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2012/12.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2012_12
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/english/
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