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Natural Resources, Economic Growth and Geography

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael González-Val

    (Universidad de Zaragoza and Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB))

  • Fernando Pueyo

    (Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

In this paper we discuss the relationship between economic growth and natural resources at a global level, taking into account geography. With this aim, our model integrates elements of the theories of endogenous growth, natural resources and new economic geography. We find that an increase in the world growth rate can lead to a higher depletion of the natural resources following an increase in the world demand due to expansion in population. However, the consideration of geography and growth mechanisms make the relationship between growth and natural resources more complex, and can even lead to the opposite conclusion when the forces behind growth are different from world demand. Indeed, either a reduction in transport costs or an increase in R&D productivity appears to be able to generate a faster growth compatible with a lower depletion of natural resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael González-Val & Fernando Pueyo, 2018. "Natural Resources, Economic Growth and Geography," Working Papers 2018.26, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2018.26
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industrial Location; Endogenous Growth; Renewable Resource; Geography;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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