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Transfer taxes and household mobility: distortion on the housing or labor market?

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  • Hilber, Christian A. L.
  • Lyytikäinen, Teemu

Abstract

We estimate the effect of the UK Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) – a transfer tax on the purchase price of property or land – on different types of household mobility using micro data. Exploiting a discontinuity in the tax schedule, we isolate the impact of the tax from other determinants of mobility. We compare homeowners with self-assessed house values on either sides of a cut-off value where the tax rate jumps from 1 to 3 percent. We find that a higher SDLT has a strong negative impact on housing-related and short distance moves but does not adversely affect job-induced or long distance mobility. Overall, our results suggest that transfer taxes may mainly distort housing rather than labor markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Hilber, Christian A. L. & Lyytikäinen, Teemu, 2017. "Transfer taxes and household mobility: distortion on the housing or labor market?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 81872, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:81872
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ces:ifodre:v:24:y:2017:i:05:p:09-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "United Kingdom; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 16/58, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Essi Eerola & Oskari Harjunen & Teemu Lyytikäinen & Tuukka Saarimaa, 2019. "Effects of Housing Transfer Taxes on Household Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 7750, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Frenzel Baudisch, Coletta & Dresselhaus, Carolin, 2019. "Impact of the German Real Estate Transfer Tax on the Commercial Real Estate Market," Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203494, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Essi Eerola, 2017. "Macroprudential measures in the housing markets - A note on the empirical literature," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 18(3), pages 326-335, May.
    6. Daniel Borbely, 2018. "Limiting the distortionary impacts of transaction taxes: Scottish stamp duty after the Mirrlees Review," Working Papers 1817, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
    7. Petkova, Kunka & Weichenrieder, Alfons, 2017. "Price and Quantity Effects of the German Real Estate Transfer Tax," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168305, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    8. Terviö, Marko & Määttänen, Niku, 2017. "Welfare Effects of Housing Transaction Taxes," CEPR Discussion Papers 12551, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. repec:eee:regeco:v:73:y:2018:i:c:p:143-154 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Frenzel Baudisch, Coletta & Dresselhaus, Carolin, 2018. "Impact of the German real estate transfer: Tax on the commercial real estate market," Finanzwissenschaftliche Arbeitspapiere 100, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften.
    11. Stepan Mikula & Josef Montag, 2019. "Does homeownership hinder labor market activity? Evidence from housing privatization and restitution in Brno," MUNI ECON Working Papers 2019-06, Masaryk University.
    12. Maria Chiara Cavalleri & Boris Cournède & Volker Ziemann, 2019. "Housing markets and macroeconomic risks," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1555, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    transfer taxes; stamp duty; transaction costs; homeownership; household mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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