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How Do Stamp Duties Affect the Housing Market?

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  • Ian Davidoff
  • Andrew Leigh

Abstract

Land transfer taxes are a substantial portion of the cost of moving house in many developed countries. Since stamp duties are endogenous with respect to the house price, we create an instrumental variable that is the stamp duty on a property, given that postcode's starting house price and the national house price trend. In a specification with postcode and year fixed effects, this instrument effectively captures policy changes and nonlinearities in the stamp duty schedule. We find that the impact of an increase in the tax rate is to lower house prices, suggesting that the economic incidence of the tax falls on the seller. We also observe impacts of stamp duty on housing turnover. A 10 per cent increase in stamp duty lowers turnover by 3 per cent in the first year, and by 6 per cent if sustained over a 3 year period.
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  • Ian Davidoff & Andrew Leigh, 2013. "How Do Stamp Duties Affect the Housing Market?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 89(286), pages 396-410, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecorec:v:89:y:2013:i:286:p:396-410
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/1475-4932.12056
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    1. Fritzsche, Carolin & Vandrei, Lars, 2019. "The German real estate transfer tax: Evidence for single-family home transactions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 131-143.
    2. Dolls, Mathias & Fuest, Clemens & Krolage, Carla & Neumeier, Florian, 2020. "Who Bears the Burden of Real Estate Transfer Taxes? Evidence from the German Housing Market," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224525, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Petkova, Kunka & Weichenrieder, Alfons, 2017. "Reformpläne bei der Grunderwerbsteuer," SAFE Policy Letters 61, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    4. Carolin Fritzsche & Lucas Rohleder, 2017. "Effekte von Änderungen der Grunderwerbsteuer – Ein Überblick über die Ergebnisse internationaler Studien," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 24(05), pages 09-14, October.
    5. John Freebairn, 2020. "Reform State Taxes to Increase Productivity," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 53(4), pages 577-585, December.
    6. Hilber, Christian A.L. & Lyytikäinen, Teemu, 2017. "Transfer taxes and household mobility: Distortion on the housing or labor market?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 57-73.
    7. Guillaume Bérard & Alain Trannoy, 2017. "The Impact of a Rise in the Real Estate Transfer Taxes on the French Housing Market," AMSE Working Papers 1732, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France.
    8. Kuttner, Kenneth N. & Shim, Ilhyock, 2016. "Can non-interest rate policies stabilize housing markets? Evidence from a panel of 57 economies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 31-44.
    9. Jason Nassios & John Madden & James Giesecke & Janine Dixon & Nhi Tran & Peter Dixon & Maureen Rimmer & Philip Adams & John Freebairn, 2019. "The economic impact and efficiency of state and federal taxes in Australia," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-289, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    10. Jens Boysen-Hogrefe & Wolfgang Scherf & Carolin Dresselhaus & Thomas Schäfer & Kunka Petkova & Alfons J. Weichenrieder & Reiner Holznagel & Jens Lemmer & Manuela Krause & Niklas Potrafke & Alfons Weic, 2017. "Stagnierende Wohneigentumsquote, Share Deals: Wie sollte die Grunderwerbsteuer reformiert werden?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 70(21), pages 03-24, November.
    11. Gavin Wood & Rachel Ong & Melek Cigdem, 2016. "Housing Tax Reform: Is There a Way Forward?," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 35(4), pages 332-346, December.
    12. Petkova, Kunka & Weichenrieder, Alfons, 2017. "Price and Quantity Effects of the German Real Estate Transfer Tax," VfS Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168305, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Petkova, Kunka & Weichenrieder, Alfons J., 2019. "Grunderwerbsteuer: Eine Steuer für das 21. Jahrhundert?," SAFE White Paper Series 58, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    14. Nayudu, A. Sri Hari, 2019. "Tax Revenue Efficiency of Indian States: The case of Stamp Duty and Registration Fees," Working Papers 19/278, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    15. Cameron K. Murray, 2016. "Developers pay developer charges," Discussion Papers Series 567, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    16. Lyytikäinen, Teemu & Hilber, Christian A. L., 2013. "Housing transfer taxes and household mobility: Distortion on the housing or labour market?," Working Papers 47, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    17. Christofzik, Désirée I. & Feld, Lars P. & Yeter, Mustafa, 2020. "Heterogeneous price and quantity effects of the real estate transfer tax in Germany," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 20/10, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
    18. Frenzel Baudisch, Coletta & Dresselhaus, Carolin, 2018. "Impact of the German real estate transfer: Tax on the commercial real estate market," Finanzwissenschaftliche Arbeitspapiere 100, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften.
    19. Clemens Fuest & Mathias Dolls & Carla Krolage & Florian Neumeier, 2019. "Who Bears the Burden of Real Estate Transfer Taxes? Evidence from the German Housing Market," ifo Working Paper Series 308, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    20. Büttner, Thiess, 2017. "Welfare Cost of the Real Estate Transfer Tax," VfS Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168308, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    21. Gavin R. Putland, 2015. "The Price Cannot be Right: Taxation, Sub-Intrinsic-Value Housing Bubbles, and Financial Instability," World Economic Review, World Economics Association, vol. 2015(5), pages 1-73, July.
    22. Christian A. L. Hilber & Teemu Lyytikäinen, 2012. "The Effect of the UK Stamp Duty Land Tax on Household Mobility," SERC Discussion Papers 0115, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    23. Maria Chiara Cavalleri & Boris Cournède & Volker Ziemann, 2019. "Housing markets and macroeconomic risks," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1555, OECD Publishing.
    24. Frenzel Baudisch, Coletta & Dresselhaus, Carolin, 2019. "Impact of the German Real Estate Transfer Tax on the Commercial Real Estate Market," VfS Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203494, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R28 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Government Policy

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