IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Does Terrorism Affect Foreign Direct Investment?


  • Federico Carril-Caccia

    (University of Deusto (Spain).)

  • Juliette Milgram Baleix

    (University of Granada (Spain).)

  • Jordi Paniagua

    (Department of Economic Structure, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain).)


The present work assesses the impact of terrorism suffered by a country directly and by neighbour countries on the capacity of attracting greenfield investment. To this end, we estimate a theoretical consistent structural gravity equation which accounts for most known estimation biases: “home bias”, endogeneity and multilateral resistance. We exploit a dataset which covers domestic and foreign investment of 162 countries during 2003-2016 in both extensive and intensive margins. Our methodological strategy allows us to identify the effect of a country-specific time-varying characteristic (terrorism), while controlling for time-varying multilateral resistance. Relative to domestic firm creation, results show that terrorism refrains more the number of greenfield projects. Then, our study highlights that foreign investors are reluctant to invest in a country or in a region affected by terrorism. Though, our results also evidence that good governance appears as an effective tool to counterbalance this damage.

Suggested Citation

  • Federico Carril-Caccia & Juliette Milgram Baleix & Jordi Paniagua, 2019. "Does Terrorism Affect Foreign Direct Investment?," Working Papers 1913, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  • Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1913

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2019
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Home bias; gravity equation; terrorism; FDI; greenfield investments; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1913. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vicente Esteve). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.