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Gravity for FDI

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  • Kleinert, Jörn
  • Toubal, Farid

Abstract

We derive gravity equations from three different general equilibrium models incorporating multinational firms. We show that gravity equations are particularly adapted to the analysis of foreign affiliates' activities of multinational firms. However, the different theoretical models lead to different specifications and interpretations of the empirical results. This is particularly the case considering gravity equations derived from factor proportion models compared to those derived from proximity concentration theories.

Suggested Citation

  • Kleinert, Jörn & Toubal, Farid, 2005. "Gravity for FDI," University of Göttingen Working Papers in Economics 46, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:46
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gravity equation; multinational firms; heterogeneity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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