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Institutions, Trade and Development: A Quantitative Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Beverelli, Cosimo

    () (World Trade Organization)

  • Keck, Alexander

    () (World Trade Organization)

  • Larch, Mario

    () (University of Bayreuth)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    () (Drexel University)

Abstract

We propose and apply methods to quantify the impact of national institutions on international trade and development. We are able to identify the direct impact of country-specific institutions on international trade within the structural gravity framework. Our approach naturally addresses the prominent issue of endogenous institutions. The empirical analysis offers robust evidence that stronger institutions promote trade. %Furthermore, we find that better institutions have a stronger impact on the imports of poor nations from rich countries than on their exports to rich countries. A series of sensitivity experiments confirm the robustness of our findings. A counterfactual analysis reveals that the changes in institutional quality in the poor countries in our sample between 1996 and 2006 have had, via their impact on imports from rich countries, significant and heterogeneous real GDP effects, varying between -5 and 5 percent. Our methods are readily applicable to identifying the impact of a wide range of country-specific variables on international trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Beverelli, Cosimo & Keck, Alexander & Larch, Mario & Yotov, Yoto, 2018. "Institutions, Trade and Development: A Quantitative Analysis," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2018-3, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2018_003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Institutional Quality; International Trade; Development; Structural Gravity;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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