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The Role of Marriage in Fighting HIV: A Quantitative Illustration for Malawi

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Abstract

How might policies that promote marriage and/or dissuade divorce help in the fight against HIV/AIDS? This question is addressed employing a choice-theoretic general equilibrium search model, using Malawi as a case study. In the framework developed, individuals can choose between married and single life. A single person can select among abstinence and sex with or without a condom. The results suggest that marriage-friendly policies can help to abate HIV/AIDS. The policy predictions that obtain from general equilibrium analysis are compared with those that arise from simulated synthetic field experiments and epidemiological studies. In AEA (May 2017), Papers and Proceedings, v. 107, n. 5: 158-162.

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  • Jeremy Greenwood & Philipp Kircher & Cezar Santos & Michele Tertilt, 2017. "The Role of Marriage in Fighting HIV: A Quantitative Illustration for Malawi," Economie d'Avant Garde Research Reports 28, Economie d'Avant Garde.
  • Handle: RePEc:eag:rereps:28
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    1. Michael Kremer, 1996. "Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of AIDS," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 549-573.
    2. Michael Kremer, 1996. "Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of the AIDS Epidemic," NBER Working Papers 5428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    1. Jeremy Greenwood & Philipp Kircher & Cezar Santos & Michèle Tertilt, 2013. "An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic," NBER Working Papers 18953, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    AIDS; circumcision; condoms; general equilibrium modeling; HIV; marriage and divorce; Malawi; sex markets; search;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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