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Les interventions de crise de la FED et de la BCE diffèrent-elles ?

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  • Anne-Marie Rieu-Foucault

Abstract

In the context of the 2007-2009 financial crisis, central banks innovated in the form of multiple unconventional measures. Due to a different history, different mandates and monetary policy implementations, the first crisis measures, mainly for financial stability, differed between the Fed and the ECB, resulting in a balance sheet size and structure of the assets specific to each. After 2015, the ECB's large-scale asset purchase transactions marked a convergence of the unconventional policies of the two central banks, which resulted in the ECB renouncing the principle of separation between monetary policy and stability financial.In addition, the risk-taker of last resort function of the two central banks has increased, although differences persist in their risk management policies (scope of counterparties and securities eligible).

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  • Anne-Marie Rieu-Foucault, 2018. "Les interventions de crise de la FED et de la BCE diffèrent-elles ?," EconomiX Working Papers 2018-31, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
  • Handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2018-31
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    Keywords

    Central Banks; Unconventional measures;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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