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Pro-Poor Trade Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Alessandro Nicita

    (UNCTAD)

  • Marcelo Olarreaga

    (University of Geneva and CEPR)

  • Guido Porto

    (Universidad Nacional de La Plata)

El objetivo de este trabajo es estimar el potencial sesgo pro-pobre en la actual estructura de protección en seis países de África Sub-Sahariana (ASS), es decir, si redistribuye ingresos de los hogares ricos a los pobres. También exploramos la medida en que las barreras que enfrentan los exportadores de la ASS en el resto del mundo están sesgadas a favor de los hogares pobres o ricos. Para ello, partimos de un modelo simple de producción agrícola familiar y proponemos una ampliación para incluir los ajustes en los ingresos laborales asociados con cambios en los salarios de trabajadores calificados y no calificados. A continuación, creamos indicadores que reflejan las diferencias en los cambios en el bienestar a través de los niveles de ingresos asociados con la eliminación de las medidas proteccionistas en ASS. Los resultados sugieren que la propia política comercial de ASS se inclina a favor de los hogares pobres. Por el contrario, las políticas comerciales de los socios comerciales de ASS tienden a estar sesgadas a favor de los hogares ricos de ASS.

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Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0134.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0134
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