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Pro-Poor Trade Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Alessandro Nicita

    (UNCTAD)

  • Marcelo Olarreaga

    (University of Geneva and CEPR)

  • Guido Porto

    (Universidad Nacional de La Plata)

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es estimar el potencial sesgo pro-pobre en la actual estructura de protección en seis países de África Sub-Sahariana (ASS), es decir, si redistribuye ingresos de los hogares ricos a los pobres. También exploramos la medida en que las barreras que enfrentan los exportadores de la ASS en el resto del mundo están sesgadas a favor de los hogares pobres o ricos. Para ello, partimos de un modelo simple de producción agrícola familiar y proponemos una ampliación para incluir los ajustes en los ingresos laborales asociados con cambios en los salarios de trabajadores calificados y no calificados. A continuación, creamos indicadores que reflejan las diferencias en los cambios en el bienestar a través de los niveles de ingresos asociados con la eliminación de las medidas proteccionistas en ASS. Los resultados sugieren que la propia política comercial de ASS se inclina a favor de los hogares pobres. Por el contrario, las políticas comerciales de los socios comerciales de ASS tienden a estar sesgadas a favor de los hogares ricos de ASS.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga & Guido Porto, 2012. "Pro-Poor Trade Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0134, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Baffes,John & Kshirsagar,Varun & Mitchell,Donald, 2015. "What drives local food prices ? evidence from the Tanzanian maize market," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7338, The World Bank.
    2. Volpe Martincus, Christian & Carballo, Jerónimo & Graziano, Alejandro, 2015. "Customs," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 119-137.
    3. Olper, Alessandro & Curzi, Daniele & Swinnen, Jo, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Child Mortality: A Synthetic Control Method," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212597, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Han, Jun & Liu, Runjuan & Ural Marchand, Beyza & Zhang, Junsen, 2016. "Market structure, imperfect tariff pass-through, and household welfare in Urban China," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 220-232.
    5. Stephan Klasen & Nathalie Scholl & Rahul Lahoti & Sophie Ochmann & Sebastian Vollmer, 2016. "Inequality – Worldwide Trends and Current Debates," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 209, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    6. Brambilla, Irene & Porto, Guido, 2016. "Trade, Poverty Eradication, and the Sustainable Development Goals," ADBI Working Papers 629, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    7. Idsardi, E.F. & Schalkwyk, H.D. & Viviers, W., 2015. "The Agricultural Product Space: Prospects for South Africa," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211752, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. L. Alan Winters & Antonio Martuscelli, 2014. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: What Have We Learned in a Decade?," Annual Review of Resource Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 493-512, October.
    9. Lim, G.C. & McNelis, Paul D., 2016. "Income growth and inequality: The threshold effects of trade and financial openness," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 403-412.
    10. Daniel Lederman & Guido Porto, 2016. "The Price Is Not Always Right: On the Impacts of Commodity Prices on Households (and Countries)," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 31(1), pages 168-197.
    11. Volpe Martincus, Christian & Carballo, Jerónimo & Graziano, Alejandro, 2015. "Customs," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 119-137.
    12. Mendoza, Ronald U. & Canare, Tristan A. & Ang, Alvin, 2015. "Doing Business: A Review of Literature and Its Role in APEC 2015," Research Paper Series DP 2015-37, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    13. Mendoza, Ronald U. & Canare, Tristan A. & Ang, Alvin, 2015. "Doing Business: A Review of Literature and Its Role in APEC 2015," Discussion Papers DP 2015-37, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    14. Inma Martínez-Zarzoso & Leila Baghdadi & Hendrik Wiard Kruse, 2016. "Is Tunisian Trade Policy Pro-Poor?," Working Papers 1033, Economic Research Forum, revised Aug 2016.
    15. Nicolas Depetris-Chauvin & Guido Porto, 2014. "Agricultural Supply Chains and Farmers Constraints: Welfare Impacts in ECOWAS Countries," Working Papers 2014-20, CEPII research center.
    16. Cont, Walter & Porto, Guido, 2014. "Measuring the impact of a change in the price of Cashew received by exporters on farmgate prices and poverty in Guinea-Bissau," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7036, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade policy; wage elasticities; poverty; Sub-Saharan Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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