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Agro-Manufactured Export Prices, Wages and Unemployment

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  • Guido G. Porto

Abstract

This article estimates the impacts of world agricultural trade liberalization on wages and unemployment in Argentina in the presence of individual labor supply responses and adjustment costs in labor demand. After a 10% increase in agro-manufactured export prices, I find that: (a) the employment probability would increase by 1.36 percentage points, matched by a decline in the unemployment probability of 0.75 percentage points and an increase in labor market participation of 0.61 percentage points; (b) the unemployment rate would decline by 1.23 percentage points; (c) expected wages would increase by 10.3%, mostly due to higher employment probabilities. Copyright 2008, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido G. Porto, 2008. "Agro-Manufactured Export Prices, Wages and Unemployment," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(3), pages 748-764.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:90:y:2008:i:3:p:748-764
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicita, Alessandro & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Porto, Guido, 2014. "Pro-poor trade policy in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 252-265.
    2. Hasan, Rana & Mitra, Devashish & Ranjan, Priya & Ahsan, Reshad N., 2012. "Trade liberalization and unemployment: Theory and evidence from India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 269-280.
    3. Atif Awad & Ishak Youssof, 2016. "The impact of economic globalisation on unemployment: The Malaysian experience," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(7), pages 938-958, October.

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