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International Market Access and Poverty in Argentina

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  • Guido Porto

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of access to international agro-manufacture markets on poverty in Argentina. Estimates from the literature suggest that expanded market access would cause the international price of Argentine exports of agro-manufactures to increase by between 8.7% and 15.9%. I explore two poverty effects caused by these prices changes: on food expenditure and on wages. Using a household budget survey, I estimate the impact of higher food prices on the Argentine poverty line. Using a labor force survey, I estimate the responses of wages to changes in export prices. My main finding is that market access would cause poverty to decline in Argentina. From a national head count of 29.26%, the poverty rate would decline to between 28.28% and 28.80%. This means that between 161,000 and 343,000 Argentines would be moved out of poverty. Copyright © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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  • Guido Porto, 2010. "International Market Access and Poverty in Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0096, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0096
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    Cited by:

    1. L. Alan Winters & Antonio Martuscelli, 2014. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: What Have We Learned in a Decade?," Annual Review of Resource Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 493-512, October.
    2. Nicita, Alessandro & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Porto, Guido, 2014. "Pro-poor trade policy in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, pages 252-265.
    3. Ujjayant Chakravorty & Marie-Helene Hubert & Beyza Ural Marchand, 2015. "Food for Fuel: The Effect of the U.S. Biofuel Mandate on Poverty in India," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0806, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
    4. Ujjayant Chakravorty & Marie-Helene Hubert & Beyza Ural Marchand,, 2015. "Food for Fuel: The Effect of the U.S. Biofuel Mandate on Poverty in India," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201501, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    5. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Hubert, Marie-Helene & Ural Marchand, Beyza, 2012. "Food for Fuel: The Effect of the U.S. Biofuel Mandate on Poverty in India," Working Papers 2012-17, University of Alberta, Department of Economics, revised 01 Jan 2015.
    6. Moncarz, Pedro & Barone, Sergio & Calfat, Germán & Descalzi, Ricardo, 2014. "Poverty impacts of changes in the price of agricultural commodities: recent evidence for Argentina," IOB Working Papers 2014.09, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy (IOB).
    7. Ujjayant Chakravorty & Marie-Hélène Hubert & Beyza Ural Marchand, 2016. "The effect of the US biofuels mandate on poverty in India," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 2016-13, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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