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Poverty, labor markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia

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  • Kis-Katos, Krisztina
  • Sparrow, Robert

Abstract

We measure the effects of trade liberalization over the period of 1993–2002 on regional poverty levels in 259 Indonesian districts, and investigate the labor market mechanisms behind these effects. The identification strategy relies on combining information on initial regional labor and product market structure with the exogenous tariff reduction schedule over four three-year periods. We add to the literature on local labor market effects of trade policies by distinguishing between tariffs for output markets and for intermediate inputs, and finding that poverty reduced especially in districts with a greater sector exposure to input tariff liberalization. Among the potential channels behind this effect, we show that low-skilled work participation and middle-skilled wages were more responsive to reductions in import tariffs on intermediate goods than to reductions in import tariffs on final outputs. These results point towards increasing firm competitiveness as a driving factor behind the beneficial poverty effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Kis-Katos, Krisztina & Sparrow, Robert, 2015. "Poverty, labor markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 94-106.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:117:y:2015:i:c:p:94-106
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.07.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Wang, Feicheng & Kis-Katos, Krisztina & Zhou, Minghai, 2020. "Trade Liberalization and the Gender Employment Gap in China," IZA Discussion Papers 13626, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Erhan Artuc & Gladys Lopez-Acevedo & Raymond Robertson & Daniel Samaan, 2019. "Exports to Jobs," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 31274, June.
    3. Mahadevan, Renuka & Nugroho, Anda & Amir, Hidayat, 2017. "Do inward looking trade policies affect poverty and income inequality? Evidence from Indonesia's recent wave of rising protectionism," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 23-34.
    4. Sarra Ben Yahmed & Pamela Bombarda, 2020. "Gender, Informal Employment and Trade Liberalization in Mexico," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 34(2), pages 259-283.
    5. Danzer, Alexander M. & Grundke, Robert, 2020. "Export price shocks and rural labor markets: The role of labor market distortions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(C).
    6. Giuntella, Osea & Rieger, Matthias & Rotunno, Lorenzo, 2020. "Weight gains from trade in foods: Evidence from Mexico," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    7. Muhammad Haseeb & Tulus Suryanto & Nira Hariyatie Hartani & Kittisak Jermsittiparsert, 2020. "Nexus Between Globalization, Income Inequality and Human Development in Indonesian Economy: Evidence from Application of Partial and Multiple Wavelet Coherence," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 147(3), pages 723-745, February.
    8. Fina Sri Agustina, 2018. "Import competition and local labor markets: the case of Indonesia," Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Department of Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 177-186, Oktober.
    9. Nihar Shembavnekar, 2015. "Tariff Liberalisation, Labour Market Flexibility and Employment: Evidence from India," Working Paper Series 8115, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
    10. Devashish Mitra, 2019. "Responses to Trade Opening: Evidence and Lessons from Asia," Working Papers id:12977, eSocialSciences.
    11. Rus’an Nasrudin, 2016. "The Impact of Lagging-Region Status on District Poverty in Indonesia," Economics and Finance in Indonesia, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, vol. 62, pages 30-43, April.
    12. Selcen ÖZTÜRK, 2018. "Türkiye’de İşgücüne Katılımda Bölgesel Farklılıklar," Sosyoekonomi Journal, Sosyoekonomi Society, issue 26(35).
    13. Matthew Embrey & Guillaume R. Frechette & Sevgi Yuksel, 2016. "Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoner's Dilemma," Working Paper Series 8616, Department of Economics, University of Sussex.
    14. Krisztina Kis-Katos & Janneke Pieters & Robert Sparrow, 2018. "Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 66(4), pages 763-793, December.
    15. Ans Kolk & Miguel Rivera-Santos & Carlos Rufín, 2018. "Multinationals, international business, and poverty: A cross-disciplinary research overview and conceptual framework," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 1(1), pages 92-115, June.
    16. Isis Gaddis & Janneke Pieters, 2017. "The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 52(2), pages 457-490.
    17. Genthner, Robert & Kis-Katos, Krisztina, 2020. "Local labor market effects of FDI regulation in Indonesia," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224524, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    18. Yessi Vadila & Budy P. Resosudarmo, 2020. "Tariff reform and income inequality in Indonesia," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 455-475, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade liberalization; Poverty; Input tariffs; Labor markets; Indonesia;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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