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Globalization, regional wage differentials and the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: Evidence from Mexico

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  • Chiquiar, Daniel

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Using individual-level data on personal characteristics and wages and state-level data on trade, foreign direct investment, international migration and other site-specific features, I study what factors determined the changes in Mexico's regional wage differentials between 1990 and 2000. I exploit the regional variation in the exposure to globalization to identify the effects of NAFTA on wages and on returns to schooling. The results support the presence of Stolper-Samuelson type of responses during Mexico's globalization process: regions more exposed to international markets appear to have exhibited an increase in wage levels, but a decrease in returns to schooling, relative to other regions of the country. The results suggest that globalization has an important spatial dimension that is usually neglected in traditional trade models.
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  • Chiquiar, Daniel, 2008. "Globalization, regional wage differentials and the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: Evidence from Mexico," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 70-93, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:74:y:2008:i:1:p:70-93
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    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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