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Die Flexibilisierung des Rentenübergangs in Deutschland

Listed author(s):
  • Songül Tolan
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    Eine Flexibilisierung des Rentenübergangs kann unter Umständen zu einer höheren Beschäftigung und zu weiteren Vorteilen sowohl auf individueller als auch auf Firmenebene führen. Bei der Gestaltung eines graduellen Rentenübergangs für Personen unterhalb der Regelaltersgrenze ist vor allem die Subventionsstruktur entscheidend, da hier negative Beschäftigungseffekte entstehen, wenn Anreize für eine Transition von Vollzeit- zu Teilzeitarbeit geschaffen werden. Für Personen, die noch über die Regelaltersgrenze hinaus weiterarbeiten möchten, ist vor allem die Gestaltung der Sozialabgaben kritisch, da in Deutschland den Arbeitgeberbeiträgen zur Rentenversicherung für Beschäftigte, die bereits eine Rente beziehen, keine zusätzlichen Rentenansprüche gegenüber stehen. Ein Wegfall dieser Ausgaben schafft jedoch Anreize für Arbeitgeber, bevorzugt Altersrentner an Stelle jüngerer Arbeitnehmer zu beschäftigen, um Personalkosten zu sparen. Aus der Erfahrung mit bereits bestehenden Teilentenoptionen und dem Vergleich mit Teilrentenprogrammen anderer Länder lassen sich Richtlinien für eine Neugestaltung des flexiblen Rentenübergangs ableiten.

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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.518525.de/DIW_Roundup_82_de.pdf
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    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus with number 82.

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    Length: 7 p.
    Date of creation: 2015
    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwrup:82de
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    1. Huber, Martin & Lechner, Michael & Wunsch, Conny, 2013. "The Effect of Firms' Partial Retirement Policies on the Labour Market Outcomes of Their Employees," IZA Discussion Papers 7513, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    3. Tunga Kantarci & Arthur Soest, 2008. "Gradual Retirement: Preferences and Limitations," De Economist, Springer, vol. 156(2), pages 113-144, June.
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    5. Gasche, Martin & Krolage, Carla, 2011. "Gleitender Ãœbergang in die Rente durch Flexibilisierung der Teilrente," MEA discussion paper series 11243, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
    6. Graf, Nikolaus & Hofer, Helmut & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2011. "Labor supply effects of a subsidized old-age part-time scheme in Austria," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 44(3), pages 217-229.
    7. Susann Rohwedder & Robert J. Willis, 2010. "Mental Retirement," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 24(1), pages 119-138, Winter.
    8. Wadensjö, Eskil, 2006. "Part-Time Pensions and Part-Time Work in Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 2273, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Berg, Peter B. & Hamman, Mary K. & Piszczek, Matthew & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2015. "Can Policy Facilitate Partial Retirement? Evidence from Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 9266, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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