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Competition Between Multiple Asymmetric Networks: Theory and Applications

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  • Hoernig, Steffen

Abstract

We present a tractable model of competition between an arbitrary number of interconnected communications networks in the presence of tariff-mediated network externalities, call externalities, and cost and market share asymmetries. On the theory side, we provide a criterion for stability in expectations and determine equilibrium outcomes in linear and two-part tariffs. As applications, we reconsider mobile termination for calls from the fixed network (FTM), and between mobile networks (MTM). We show that there is a partial FTM waterbed effect under linear tariffs, and that with more than two networks some known duopoly results are reversed: Under multi-part tariffs, consumer surplus may decrease (rather than increase), and under linear tariffs both on- and off-net prices may increase with higher MTM termination charges.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoernig, Steffen, 2010. "Competition Between Multiple Asymmetric Networks: Theory and Applications," CEPR Discussion Papers 8060, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8060
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Torben Stühmeier, 2013. "Access regulation with asymmetric termination costs," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 60-89, January.
    2. Hoernig, Steffen, 2014. "Competition between multiple asymmetric networks: Theory and applications," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 57-69.
    3. Harbord, David & Hoernig, Steffen, 2010. "Welfare Analysis of Regulating Mobile Termination Rates in the UK (with an Application to the Orange/T-Mobile Merger)," MPRA Paper 21515, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Hoernig, Steffen, 2016. "Going beyond duopoly: Connectivity breakdowns under receiving party pays," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-9.
    5. Hoernig, Steffen & Jay, Stephan & Neumann, Karl-Heinz & Peitz, Martin & Plückebaum, Thomas & Vogelsang, Ingo, 2012. "The impact of different fibre access network technologies on cost, competition and welfare," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 96-112.
    6. repec:unl:unlfep:wp594 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Hoernig, Steffen, 2014. "The strength of the waterbed effect depends on tariff type," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(2), pages 291-294.
    8. Stühmeier, Torben, 2010. "Fixed to VoIP Interconnection: Regulation with Asymmetric Termination Costs," 21st European Regional ITS Conference, Copenhagen 2010: Telecommunications at new crossroads - Changing value configurations, user roles, and regulation 34, International Telecommunications Society (ITS).
    9. David Harbord & Steffen Hoernig, 2015. "Welfare Analysis of Regulating Mobile Termination Rates in the U.K," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(4), pages 673-703, December.
    10. Marc Bourreau & Carlo Cambini & Steffen Hoernig, 2015. "Price distortion under fixed-mobile substitution," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 42(4), pages 441-454, December.
    11. Genakos, Christos & Valletti, Tommaso, 2011. "Seesaw in the air: Interconnection regulation and the structure of mobile tariffs," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 159-170, June.
    12. Claudio Agostini & Raul Lazcano & Eduardo Saavedra & Manuel Willington, 2016. "Price Differentiation between On-Net and Off-Net Calls: An Application to the Chilean Telephony Market," Working Papers wp_051, Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government.
    13. Steffen Hoernig; Francisco Monteiro, 2018. "Zero-rating, network effects, and capacity investments," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp627, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
    14. Genakos, Christos & Valletti, Tommaso, 2012. "Regulating prices in two-sided markets: The waterbed experience in mobile telephony," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 360-368.
    15. Kjetil Andersson & Øystein Foros & Bjørn Hansen, 2016. "Empirical Evidence on the Relationship between Mobile Termination Rates and Firms' Profits," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 118(1), pages 129-149, January.
    16. Claudio Agostini & Raul Lazcano & Eduardo Saavedra & Manuel Willington, 2016. "Predation and Network Based Price Discrimination in Chile," Working Papers wp_048, Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government.
    17. Lee, Dongyeol, 2015. "Regulating termination charges in asymmetric oligopolies," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 16-28.
    18. Hoernig, Steffen, 2011. "Asymmetric Broadband Wholesale Regulation," CEPR Discussion Papers 8399, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    call externality; mobile termination rates; multiple networks; on/off-net pricing; Telecommunications network competition; waterbed effect;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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