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Gender Wage Gap and Segregation in Late Transition

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  • Jurajda, Stepan

Abstract

Transition countries hoping to join the European Union are in the process of introducing western-type anti-discrimination policies aimed at reducing the gender wage gap. The efficacy of these policies depends on the relative size of those elements of the gap they target; therefore, it is important to quantify these parts. In this Paper, large matched employer-employee data sets from the Czech Republic and Slovakia are used to provide such detailed gender wage gap decomposition. The results, based on 1998 data, suggest that various forms of employment segregation are related to over one third of the overall pay difference between genders in both countries. In the non-public sector, however, almost two thirds of the total gap remains attributable to the individual’s sex, suggesting much of the gap is due to violations of the equal pay policy.

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  • Jurajda, Stepan, 2001. "Gender Wage Gap and Segregation in Late Transition," CEPR Discussion Papers 2952, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2952
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaromír Gottvald, 2003. "Determinanty mezd zaměstnanců v podnicích v České republice a Slovenské republice [Determinants of individual wages in the Czech republic and Slovak republic firms]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2003(4), pages 541-563.
    2. Ján Vravec & Radovan Baèík, 2012. "Discrimination Of Women In The Labour Market Of Sr And Models Of Discrimination," Polish Journal of Management Studies, Czestochowa Technical University, Department of Management, vol. 5(1), pages 280-293, June.
    3. Vladimíra Kantorová, 2004. "Education and Entry into Motherhood: The Czech Republic during State Socialism and the Transition Period (1970-1997)," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 3(10), pages 245-274.
    4. Hana Vlachová, 2014. "Gender pay gap in private and public sectors of the Czech republic [Genderová platová mezera v soukromém a veřejném sektoru České republiky]," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2014(5), pages 89-100.
    5. Stepan Jurajda & Heike Harmgart, 2002. "Sex Segregation and Wage Gaps in East and West Germany," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp202, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    6. Jiří Večerník, 2001. "Earnings disparities in the czech republic: evidence of the past decade and cross-national comparison," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2001(3).
    7. Jurajda, Stepan, 2003. "Gender wage gap and segregation in enterprises and the public sector in late transition countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 199-222, June.
    8. Randall K. Filer & Jan Hanousek, 2002. "Data Watch: Research Data from Transition Economies," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 225-240, Winter.
    9. Salma Ahmed & Pushkar Maitra, 2010. "Gender Wage Discrimination in Rural and Urban Labour Markets of Bangladesh," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 83-112.
    10. Karolina Goraus & Joanna Tyrowicz & Lucas van der Velde, 2017. "How (Not) to make women work?," GRAPE Working Papers 1, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.
    11. Dagmar Brožová, 2006. "Diskriminace žen v ekonomické teorii vybrané problémy [The economics of sex discrimination]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2006(5), pages 646-660.
    12. Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2000. "Optimal Speed of Transition: Micro Evidence from the Czech Republic," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 355, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    13. Tairi Room, 2004. "Search Intensity and Wage Differences," Bank of Estonia Working Papers 2004-1, Bank of Estonia, revised 12 Oct 2004.
    14. Salma Ahmed & Pushkar Maitra, 2008. "Public Pension Governance And Asset Allocation," Monash Economics Working Papers 23/08, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    15. Anna Lovasz, 2008. "Competition and the Gender Wage Gap: New Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data in Hungary 1986-2003," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 0804, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    16. Hazans, Mihails, 2005. "Unemployment and the earnings structure in Latvia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3504, The World Bank.
    17. Kathryn Anderson & Richard Pomfret, 2000. "Gender Effects of Transition: The Kyrgyz Republic," School of Economics Working Papers 2000-08, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    employment segregation; gender wage gap;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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