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Cognitive and non-cognitive costs of daycare 0-2 for girls

Author

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  • Fort, Margherita
  • Ichino, Andrea
  • Zanella, Giulio

Abstract

Exploiting admission thresholds in a Regression Discontinuity Design, we study the causal effects of daycare at age 0-2 on cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes at age 8-14. One additional month in daycare reduces IQ by 0.5% (4.5% of a standard deviation). Effects for conscientiousness are small and imprecisely estimated. Psychologists suggest that children in daycare experience fewer one-to-one interactions with adults, which should be particularly relevant for girls who are more capable than boys of exploiting cognitive stimuli at an early age. In line with this interpretation, losses for girls are larger and more significant, especially in affuent families.

Suggested Citation

  • Fort, Margherita & Ichino, Andrea & Zanella, Giulio, 2016. "Cognitive and non-cognitive costs of daycare 0-2 for girls," CEPR Discussion Papers 11120, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. James Gordon & Chris M. Herbst & Erdal Tekin, 2018. "Who’s Minding the Kids? Experimental Evidence on the Demand for Child Care Quality," NBER Working Papers 25335, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Kuehnle, Daniel & Oberfichtner, Michael, 2017. "Does early child care attendance influence children's cognitive and non-cognitive skill development?," Discussion Papers 100, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    3. Francesca Carta & Lucia Rizzica, 2016. "Female employment and pre-kindergarten: On the unintended effects of an Italian reformAbstract: We theoretically show that when mothers need to buy childcare services not only if they work but also if," Working Papers 091, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi.
    4. Sandner, Malte & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2018. "The Effects of Universal Public Childcare Provision on Cases of Child Neglect and Abuse," IZA Discussion Papers 11687, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    6. Atila Abdulkadiroglu & Joshua Angrist & Yusuke Narita & Parag Pathak, 2019. "Breaking Ties: Regression Discontinuity Design Meets Market Design," Working Papers 2019-024, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    7. Abdulkadiroglu, Atila & Angrist, Joshua & Narita, Yusuke & Pathak, Parag A., 2019. "Breaking Ties: Regression Discontinuity Design Meets Market Design," IZA Discussion Papers 12205, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Andersland, Leroy, 2017. "A Universal Childcare Expansion, Quality, Starting Age, and School Performance," Working Papers in Economics 8/17, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
    9. repec:eee:labeco:v:54:y:2018:i:c:p:172-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Werner, Katharina, 2018. "Obstacles to Efficient Allocations of Public Education Spending," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 128, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    child development; childcare; cognitive skills; daycare; non-cognitive skills;

    JEL classification:

    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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