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An Empirical Equilibrium Model of a Decentralized Asset Market

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  • Gavazza, Alessandro

Abstract

I estimate a search-and-bargaining model of a decentralized market to quantify the effects of trading frictions on asset allocations, asset prices and welfare, and to quantify the effects of intermediaries that facilitate trade. Using business-aircraft data, I find that, relative to the Walrasian benchmark, 18.3 percent of the assets are misallocated; prices are 19.2-percent lower; and the aggregate welfare losses equal 23.9 percent. Dealers play an important role in reducing trading frictions: In a market with no dealers, a larger fraction of assets would be misallocated, and prices would be higher. Moreover, dealers reduce aggregate welfare because their operations are costly, and they impose a negative externality by decreasing the number of agents' direct transactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Gavazza, Alessandro, 2015. "An Empirical Equilibrium Model of a Decentralized Asset Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 10546, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10546
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. An empirical equilibrium model of a decentralized asset market
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2016-05-18 07:35:12

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    Cited by:

    1. Hendershott, Terrence & Li, Dan & Livdan, Dmitry & Sch�rhoff, Norman, 2017. "Relationship Trading in OTC Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 12472, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Julien HUGONNIER & Benjamin LESTER & Pierre-Olivier WEILL, 2014. "Heterogeneity in Decentralized Asset Markets," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 14-67, Swiss Finance Institute.
    3. Javier Donna & Andre Trindade & Pedro Pereira & Tiago Pires, 2018. "Measuring the Welfare of Intermediation in Vertical Markets," 2018 Meeting Papers 984, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Alessandro Gavazza & Alessandro Lizzeri & Nikita Roketskiy, 2014. "A Quantitative Analysis of the Used-Car Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(11), pages 3668-3700, November.
    5. Jason Allen & Robert Clark & Jean-François Houde, 2019. "Search Frictions and Market Power in Negotiated-Price Markets," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 127(4), pages 1550-1598.
    6. Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Tse, Chung-Yi, 2017. "Flipping in the housing market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 232-263.
    7. Manolis Galenianos & Alessandro Gavazza, 2017. "A Structural Model of the Retail Market for Illicit Drugs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(3), pages 858-896, March.
    8. Andrew G. Atkeson & Andrea L. Eisfeldt & Pierre‐Olivier Weill, 2015. "Entry and Exit in OTC Derivatives Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83, pages 2231-2292, November.
    9. Julien Hugonnier & Benjamin Lester & Pierre-Olivier Weill, 2020. "Frictional Intermediation in Over-the-Counter Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 1432-1469.
    10. Manolis Galenianos & Alessandro Gavazza, 2014. "A Quantitative Analysis of the Retail Market for Illicit Drugs," STICERD - Economics of Industry Papers 53, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    11. Gary Biglaiser & Fei Li & Charles Murry & Yiyi Zhou, 2020. "Intermediaries and product quality in used car markets," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 51(3), pages 905-933, September.
    12. Galenianos, Manolis & Gavazza, Alessandro, 2019. "Regulatory Interventions in Consumer Financial Markets: The Case of Credit Cards," CEPR Discussion Papers 13807, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Adriano A. Rampini, 2019. "Financing Durable Assets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 109(2), pages 664-701, February.
    14. Weill, Pierre-Olivier, 2020. "The search theory of OTC markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 14847, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. Charles Ka Yui Leung & Chung-Yi Tse, 2012. "Flippers in Housing Market Search," 2012 Meeting Papers 434, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    16. Donna, Javier D. & Pereira, Pedro & Pires, Tiago & Trindade, Andre, 2018. "Measuring the Welfare of Intermediaries in Vertical Markets," MPRA Paper 90465, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Kurmann, André, 2014. "Holdups and overinvestment in capital markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 88-113.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bargaining; intermediaries; search markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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