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How Large are Search Frictions

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  • Pieter Gautier
  • Coen Teulings

    () (SEO University of Amsterdam)

Abstract

This paper shows that we can normalize job and worker characteristics so that, without frictions,there exists a linear relationship between wages on the one hand and worker and job type indiceson the other. However, for five European countries and the United States we find strong evidencefor a systematic concave relationship. An assignment model with search frictions provides aparsimonious explanation for our findings. This model yields two restrictions on the coefficientsthat fit the data well. Allowing for unobserved heterogeneity and measurement error, we findthat reservation wages are 25% lower than they would be in a frictionless world. Our resultsrelate to the literature on industry wage differentials and on structural identification in hedonicmodels. See publication in the Journal of the European Economic Association , 2006, 4(6), 1193-1225.
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  • Pieter Gautier & Coen Teulings, 2005. "How Large are Search Frictions," 2005 Meeting Papers 175, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed005:175
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gavrel, Frédéric, 2012. "On the inefficiency of matching models of unemployment with heterogeneous workers and jobs when firms rank their applicants," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(8), pages 1746-1758.
    2. Pieter A. Gautier & Coen N. Teulings & Aico van Vuuren, 2005. "On-the-Job Search and Sorting," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-070/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Jeremy Lise & Costas Meghir & Jean-Marc Robin, 2016. "Matching, Sorting and Wages," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 19, pages 63-87, January.
    4. Ronald Wolthoff, 2010. "Applications and Interviews: A Structural Analysis of Two-Sided Simultaneous Search," 2010 Meeting Papers 114, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Jan Eeckhout & Philipp Kircher, 2011. "Identifying Sorting--In Theory," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 78(3), pages 872-906.
    6. Pieter A. Gautier & Jose Luis Moraga-Gonzalez & Ronald P. Wolthoff, 2007. "Structural Estimation of Search Intensity: Do Non-Employed Workers Search Enough?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-071/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    7. Marianna Kudlyak & Damba Lkhagvasuren & Roman Susuyev, 2012. "Sorting by Skill over the Course of Job Search," Working Papers 12011, Concordia University, Department of Economics, revised 18 Apr 2012.
    8. van den Berg, Gerard J. & van Vuuren, Aico, 2010. "The effect of search frictions on wages," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 875-885, December.
    9. Bruno, CREPON & Muriel, DEJEMEPPE & Marc, GURGAND, 2005. "Counseling the unemployed : does it lower unemployment duration and recurrence ?," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2005034, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    10. Pieter A. Gautier & Coen N. Teulings, 2015. "Sorting And The Output Loss Due To Search Frictions," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 13(6), pages 1136-1166, December.
    11. Philipp Ehrl, 2014. "High-wage workers and high-productivity firms - a regional view on matching in Germany," Working Papers 149, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
    12. repec:jns:jbstat:v:227:y:2007:i:2:p:115-152 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Eric J. Bartelsman & Pieter A. Gautier & Joris Wind, 2016. "Employment Protection, Technology Choice, And Worker Allocation," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 57, pages 787-826, August.
    14. Frédéric Gavrel & Isabelle Lebon & Therese Rebière, 2010. "Career Paths, Unemployment, and the Efficiency of the Labor Market: Should Youth Employment Be Subsidized?," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 12(3), pages 533-560, June.
    15. Pieter Gautier & Jose Luis Moraga-Gonzalez & Ronald Wolthoff, 2007. "Structural Estimation of Search Intensity: Do non-employed workers search hard enough?," 2007 Meeting Papers 695, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    16. Jan Eeckhout & Philipp Kircher, 2011. "The Research Agenda: Jan Eeckhout and Philipp Kircher on Sorting in Macroeconomic Models," EconomicDynamics Newsletter, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(1), November.
    17. Ronald Wolthoff, 2009. "Ex Ante and Ex Post Inefficiency in Search and Matching Models," 2009 Meeting Papers 774, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    18. Gadi Barlevy & H. N. Nagaraja, 2010. "Estimating Mobility Rates in Search Models with Initial Condition Problems," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(4), pages 780-799, October.
    19. Gautier, P.A. & Teulings, C.N., 2009. "Search and the city," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 251-265, May.
    20. Garloff Alfred & Fitzenberger Bernd, 2007. "Labor Market Transitions and the Wage Structure in Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 227(2), pages 115-152, April.
    21. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Garloff, Alfred, 2005. "Descriptive Evidence on Labor Market Transitions and the Wage Structure in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-95, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    22. Jacob Schwartz, 2018. "Schooling Choice, Labour Market Matching, and Wages," Papers 1803.09020, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2018.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    wages; search; assignment;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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