The Provision of Higher Education in a Global World - Analysis and Policy Implications
Mobility is a driving force in the labor market. It is especially crucial as higher education is concerned as it enlarges the opportunities of students and graduates or skilled workers, respectively, and affects the returns to their investment in education. Mobile students and graduates react to the institutional framework and on their turn induce changes in governmental policies as competition between educational institutions and countries becomes more intense. We are here interested in how governmental decisions about the financial regime and the quality level of higher education interact with individual incentives to invest in higher education in closed and in open economies. This question is especially important in the European Union. The Bologna Process, which was launched in 1999, precisely aims at removing the obstacles to mobility for students by establishing the so-called European Higher Education Area by the year 2010. These measures - especially those that increase transparency and comparability of different degree programmes - should lower migration costs. With equal conditions for access - following the non-discrimination principle that holds for EU-citizens - increased mobility is supposed to lead to more competition in terms of quality among different institutions of higher education. But the European Higher Education Area also creates incentives for governments to free-ride on other countries and regions. Free-riding should be especially strong if students are less mobile than skilled workers and if most of those who study abroad return to their home country after graduation. This shows how important it is for an evaluation of the Bologna Process to study different mobility scenarios. Two main questions arise. What is the rationale to increase student mobility? What will be the impact on the financing of higher education and its quality level? Our aim is to build a simple model to address these questions and to derive policy implications as to the optimal financial regime and quality level of higher education in the presence of migration opportunities.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2008|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: +33(0) 1 43 13 62 30
Fax: +33(0) 1 43 13 62 32
Web page: http://www.cepremap.fr/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Johnson, George E, 1984. "Subsidies for Higher Education," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(3), pages 303-18, July.
- Claudia Goldin & Lawrence F. Katz, 2007. "The Race between Education and Technology: The Evolution of U.S. Educational Wage Differentials, 1890 to 2005," NBER Working Papers 12984, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Nicola D. Coniglio & Francesco Prota, 2003.
"Human Capital Accumulation and Migration in a Peripheral EU Region: the Case of Basilicata,"
ERSA conference papers
ersa03p157, European Regional Science Association.
- Nicola D. Coniglio & Francesco Prota, 2008. "Human capital accumulation and migration in a peripheral EU region: the case of Basilicata," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(1), pages 77-95, 03.
- Matthias Parey & Fabian Waldinger, 2007.
"Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labor Market Mobility: Evidence from the Introduction of Erasmus,"
CEE Discussion Papers
0086, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
- Matthias Parey & Fabian Waldinger, 2011. "Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labour Market Mobility: Evidence from the Introduction of ERASMUS," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(551), pages 194-222, March.
- Matthias Parey & Fabian Waldinger, 2007. "Studying abroad and the effect on international labor market mobility: evidence from the introduction of Erasmus," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19383, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- Parey, Matthias & Waldinger, Fabian, 2008. "Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labor Market Mobility: Evidence from the Introduction of ERASMUS," IZA Discussion Papers 3430, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Jacobs, Bas & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 2005.
"Guide to Reform of Higher Education: A European Perspective,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
5327, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Bas Jacobs & Frederick Van Der Ploeg, 2006. "Guide to reform of higher education: a European perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 21(47), pages 535-592, 07.
- Creedy, John & Francois, Patrick, 1990. "Financing higher education and majority voting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 181-200, November.
- Panu Poutvaara, 2003.
- Silke Uebelmesser, 2005.
"To go or not to go: Emigration from Germany,"
CESifo Working Paper Series
1626, CESifo Group Munich.
- Paolo Mauro & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1998.
"How Do the Skilled and the Unskilled Respond to Regional Shocks? the Case of Spain,"
IMF Working Papers
98/77, International Monetary Fund.
- Paolo Mauro & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1999. "How Do the Skilled and the Unskilled Respond to Regional Shocks?: The Case of Spain," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 46(1), pages 1.
- Steven J. Davis, 1992.
"Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages,"
in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1992, Volume 7, pages 239-300
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Steven J. Davis, 1992. "Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages," NBER Working Papers 4085, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Joachim R. Frick & Markus M. Grabka & Olaf Groh-Samberg, 2007.
"Economic Gains from Publicly Provided Education in Germany,"
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research
28, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- Joachim R. Frick & Markus M. Grabka & Olaf Groh-Samberg, 2007. "Economic Gains from Publicly Provided Education in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 709, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- Frick, Joachim R. & Grabka, Markus M. & Groh-Samberg, Olaf, 2007. "Economic Gains from Publicly Provided Education in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 2911, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Kelchtermans, Stijn & Verboven, Frank, 2007.
"Reducing Product Diversity in Higher Education,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
6508, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Kelchtermans, Stijn & Verboven, Frank, 2007. "Reducing product diversity in higher education," Working Papers 2007/14, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management.
- Stijn Kelchtermans & Frank Verboven, 2007. "Reducing product diversity in higher education," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0726, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
- Alexander Kemnitz, 2010.
"Educational Federalism and the Quality Effects of Tuition Fees,"
CESifo Working Paper Series
3193, CESifo Group Munich.
- Kemnitz, Alexander, 2005. "Educational Federalism and the Quality Effects of Tuition Fees," Discussion Papers 617, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
- Kemnitz, Alexander, 2007. "Educational Federalism and the Quality Effects of Tuition Fees," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 08/07, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
- Claudio Thum & Silke Uebelmesser, 2001.
"Mobility and the Role of Education as a Commitment Device,"
CESifo Working Paper Series
450, CESifo Group Munich.
- Thum, Claudio & Uebelmesser, Silke, 2003. "Mobility and the Role of Education as a Commitment Device," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 10(5), pages 549-64, September.
- Marcel Gérard & Fernando Ruiz, 2006. "Interjurisdictional Competition for Higher Education and Firms," CESifo Working Paper Series 1719, CESifo Group Munich.
- Elena Del Rey, 2001. "Economic Integration and Public Provision of Education," Empirica, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 203-218, June.
- Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2008. "Financing Higher Education and Labor Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 2362, CESifo Group Munich.
- Hessel Oosterbeek & Dinand Webbink, 2006. "Assessing the returns to studying abroad," CPB Discussion Paper 64, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
- von Weizsäcker, Robert K & Wigger, Berthold, 1998. "Risk, Resources and Education," CEPR Discussion Papers 1808, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Floriana Cerniglia & Laura Pagani, 2007. "The European Union and the Member States: Which Level of Government Should Do what? An Empirical Analysis of Europeans’ Preferences," CESifo Working Paper Series 2067, CESifo Group Munich.
- Jennifer Hunt, 2006. "Staunching Emigration from East Germany: Age and the Determinants of Migration," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(5), pages 1014-1037, 09.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:0806. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stéphane Adjemian)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.