The best and brightest. Selezione positiva e brain drain nelle migrazioni interne italiane
[The best and brightest. Positive selection and brain drain in Italian internal migrations]
During the last decade, the internal migration flows from Southern Italy to the central and northern regions of the country have become more significant. Unlike the past, these flows are characterised by a strong incidence of qualified workers with secondary or tertiary education. Also, even in this restricted set of workers, the most talented (the best and brightest) individuals are the ones showing the highest propensity to migrate. This paper applies a binary segmentation technique to a database of 10701 individuals graduated at Palermo and Naples universities between 2004 and 2007 in order to get groups with mostly differentiated attitudes to migrate. The evidence shows that variables driving segmentation (i.e. the most relevant variables in explaining the propensity to migrate) are the subject of study (who graduates in engineering and scientific disciplines is more mobile), the graduation mark (who gets higher marks is more likely to migrate) and the family social and cultural background. This strong positive self selection of migrants enhances the ability of internal migration to trigger considerable harmful effects on origin regions and jeopardises Southern Italy to suffer from heavy losses of human capital.
|Date of creation:||03 Oct 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Giorgio Brunello & ?Lorenzo Cappellari, 2007.
"The Labour Market Effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy,"
"Marco Fanno" Working Papers
0040, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
- Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2008. "The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 564-574, October.
- Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2005. "The Labour Market Effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 1562, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Giorgio Brunello & Lorenzo Cappellari, 2005. "The Labour Market Effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," CHILD Working Papers wp05_05, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
- Roberto Basile & Marco Causi, 2005.
"Le determinanti dei flussi migratori nelle province italiane: 1991-2001,"
Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre'
0049, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
- Basile Roberto & Causi Marco, 2007. "Le determinanti dei flussi migratori nelle province italiane: 1991-2001," Economia & lavoro, Carocci editore, issue 2, pages 139.
- Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1998.
"Human capital depletion, human capital formation, and migration: a blessing or a "curse"?,"
Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 363-367, September.
- Oded Stark & Christian Helmenstein & Alexia Prskawetz, 1998. "Human Capital Depletion, Human Capital Formation, and Migration: A Blessing in a "Curse"?," Departmental Working Papers _096, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics.
- Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1998. "Human Capital Depletion, Human Capital Formation, and Migration. A Blessing in a "Curse"?," Economics Series 55, Institute for Advanced Studies.
- Ozden, Caglar & Parsons, Christopher R. & Schiff, Maurice & Walmsley, Terrie L., 2011.
"Where on earth is everybody ? the evolution of global bilateral migration 1960-2000,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
5709, The World Bank.
- Caglar Ozden & Christopher R. Parsons & Maurice Schiff & Terrie L. Walmsley, 2011. "Where on Earth is Everybody? The Evolution of Global Bilateral Migration 1960-2000," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 25(1), pages 12-56, May.
- Sascha O. Becker & Andrea Ichino & Giovanni Peri, 2004.
"How Large Is the "Brain Drain" from Italy?,"
Giornale degli Economisti,
GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 63(1), pages 1-32, April.
- Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2009.
"The microeconomic determinants of emigration and return migration of the best and brightest : evidence from the Pacific,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
4965, The World Bank.
- Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2011. "The microeconomic determinants of emigration and return migration of the best and brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 18-29, May.
- John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2009. "The Microeconomic Determinants of Emigration and Return Migration of the Best and Brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," Working Papers 173, Center for Global Development.
- Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2009. "The Microeconomic Determinants of Emigration and Return Migration of the Best and Brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," IZA Discussion Papers 3926, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2009. "The Microeconomic Determinants of Emigration and Return Migration of the Best and Brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0903, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
- Faini, Riccardo & Galli, Giampaolo & Gennari, Pietro & Rossi, Fulvio, 1997. "An empirical puzzle: Falling migration and growing unemployment differentials among Italian regions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 571-579, April.
- Karin Mayr & Giovanni Peri, 2008.
"Return Migration as a Channel of Brain Gain,"
NBER Working Papers
14039, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Solimano, Andres (ed.), 2008. "The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199532605.
- Michael Fertig & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2003.
"Mobility within Europe - What Do We (Still Not) Know?,"
European Economy Group Working Papers
29, European Economy Group.
- Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2002. "Mobility within Europe – What do we (still not) know?," IZA Discussion Papers 447, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Domenico Scalera, 2012.
"Skilled Migration And Education Policies: Is There Still Scope For A Bhagwati Tax?,"
University of Manchester, vol. 80(4), pages 447-467, 07.
- Scalera, Domenico, 2009. "Skilled migration and education policies: Is there still scope for a Bhagwati tax?," MPRA Paper 19643, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Jeffrey Grogger & Gordon H. Hanson, 2008.
"Income Maximization and the Selection and Sorting of International Migrants,"
NBER Working Papers
13821, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Grogger, Jeffrey & Hanson, Gordon H., 2011. "Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 42-57, May.
- Nicola D. Coniglio & Francesco Prota, 2003.
"Human Capital Accumulation and Migration in a Peripheral EU Region: the Case of Basilicata,"
ERSA conference papers
ersa03p157, European Regional Science Association.
- Nicola D. Coniglio & Francesco Prota, 2008. "Human capital accumulation and migration in a peripheral EU region: the case of Basilicata," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(1), pages 77-95, 03.
- Napolitano, Oreste & Bonasia, Mariangela, 2010. "Determinants of different internal migration trends: the Italian experience," MPRA Paper 21734, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- J. William Ambrosini & Karin Mayr & Giovanni Peri & Dragos Radu, 2011. "The Selection of Migrants and Returnees: Evidence from Romania and Implications," NBER Working Papers 16912, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- repec:mul:je8794:doi:10.1429/20830:y:2005:i:3:p:461 is not listed on IDEAS
- Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
- Etzo, Ivan, 2007. "Determinants of interregional migration in Italy:A panel data analysis," MPRA Paper 5307, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Daveri, Francesco & Faini, Riccardo, 1999.
"Where Do Migrants Go?,"
Oxford Economic Papers,
Oxford University Press, vol. 51(4), pages 595-622, October.
- Bhagwati, Jagdish, 2011. "Preface for Symposium on Globalization and the Brain Drain in the Journal of Development Economics, 2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 1-3, May.
- Herbert Brücker & Cécily Defoort, 2009. "Inequality and the self-selection of international migrants: theory and new evidence," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 30(7), pages 742-764, November.
- Piras Romano, 2005. "Il contenuto di capitale umano dei flussi migratori interregionali: 1980-2002," Politica economica - Journal of Economic Policy (PEJEP), Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 461-491.
- Ciriaci, Daria, 2009. "University quality, interregional brain drain and spatial inequality. The case of Italy," MPRA Paper 30015, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Mar 2011.
- Pissarides, Christopher A & McMaster, Ian, 1990. "Regional Migration, Wages and Unemployment: Empirical Evidence and Implications for Policy," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(4), pages 812-31, October.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:34506. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.