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International Reserves and Gross Capital Flows Dynamics

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  • Enrique Alberola

    ()

  • Aitor Erce

    ()

  • José Maria Serena

    ()

Abstract

This paper explores the role of international reserves as a stabilizer of international capital flows, in particular during periods of global financial stress. In contrast with previous contributions, aimed at explaining net capital flows, we focus on the behavior of gross capital flows. We analyze an extensive cross-country quarterly database -63 countries, 1991-2010- using standard panel regressions. We document significant heterogeneity in the response of resident investors to financial stress and relate it to a previously undocumented channel through which reserves act as a buffer during financial stress. A robust result of the analysis is that international reserves facilitate financial disinvestment overseas by residents –a fall in capital outflows-. This partially offsets the drop in foreign capital inflows in such periods, which are only marginally mitigated by reserves under some specifications of the model. For the whole period, we also find that larger stocks of reserves are linked to higher gross inflows and lower gross outflows.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Alberola & Aitor Erce & José Maria Serena, 2014. "International Reserves and Gross Capital Flows Dynamics," Documentos de Discusión FLAR 011048, Fondo Latino Americano de Reservas - FLAR.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000470:011048
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cheng, Gong, 2015. "Balance sheet effects, foreign reserves and public policies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 146-165.
    2. Olivier Blanchard & Gustavo Adler & Irineu de Carvalho Filho, 2015. "Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?," Working Paper Series WP15-18, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    3. repec:bla:worlde:v:42:y:2019:i:3:p:680-710 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. McQuade, Peter & Schmitz, Martin, 2017. "The great moderation in international capital flows: A global phenomenon?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 73(PA), pages 188-212.
    5. Broos, Menno & Ghalanos, Michalis & Kennedy, Bernard & Landbeck, Alexander & Lerner, Christina & Menezes, Paula & Schiavone, Alessandro & Tilley, Thomas & Viani, Francesca & Reinhardt, Dennis & Metzem, 2016. "Dealing with large and volatile capital flows and the role of the IMF," Occasional Paper Series 180, European Central Bank.
    6. Jean‐Pierre Allegret & Audrey Allegret, 2019. "Did foreign exchange holding influence growth performance during the global financial crisis?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(3), pages 680-710, March.
    7. repec:eee:intfin:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:142-154 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:6:p:5-29 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Luis Cabezas & José De Gregorio, 2018. "Accumulation of Reserves in Emerging and Developing Countries: Mercantilism vs. Insurance," Working Papers wp467, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    10. Michael F. Bleaney & Mo Tian & Lin Yin, 2017. "De Facto Exchange Rate Regime Classifications: An Evaluation," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 369-382, April.
    11. Beatrice D. Scheubel & Livio Stracca, 2016. "What Do We Know About the Global Financial Safety Net? A New Comprehensive Data Set," CESifo Working Paper Series 6184, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Woon Gyu Choi & Byongju Lee & Taesu Kang & Geun-Young Kim, 2016. "Divergent EME Responses to Global and Domestic Monetary Policy Shocks," Working Papers 2016-15, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    13. repec:eee:jimfin:v:94:y:2019:i:c:p:160-182 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Stracca, Livio & Scheubel, Beatrice, 2016. "What do we know about the global financial safety net? Rationale, data and possible evolution," Occasional Paper Series 177, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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