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Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano

  • Ligia Alba Melo B

    ()

  • Carlos Andrés Ballesteros R

    ()

Este documento analiza las características y dinámicas de los flujos de empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano, durante el periodo 1994-2009. El estudio realiza una caracterización desagregada de la creación, destrucción, crecimiento neto y reasignación del empleo a nivel de grupos industriales y categorías ocupacionales. Los resultados sugieren altos movimientos de creación y destrucción del empleo en las firmas del sector manufacturero, que generalmente no se evidencian en las cifras de empleo neto. En particular, el crecimiento neto promedio del empleo del sector de -0.32, se explica por tasas de creación y destrucción del empleo, cercanas al 10%, durante el periodo de análisis. Así mismo, se encuentra que los movimientos de creación y destrucción del empleo son persistentes, teniendo en cuenta que en promedio de 10 nuevos empleos que se crean, 6.8 empleos sobreviven en el siguiente año y de 10 empleos que se destruyen, 7.6 empleos no se vuelven a crear. Los resultados a nivel desagregado indican diferencias significativas por grupo industrial y categoría ocupacional.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 009407.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 21 Mar 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009407
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