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La terciarización de las estructuras económicas regionales en Colombia

  • Jaime Bonet

    ()

Uno de los patrones de cambio observados en la econom�a colombiana en la segunda mitad del siglo XX es el crecimiento en la participaci�n de las actividades terciarias en el PIB. Este fen�meno se ha llamado terciarizaci�n y ha sido com�n tanto en pa�ses desarrollados como en aquellos en v�a de desarrollo. En estos �ltimos, se pueden identificar una terciarizaci�n genuina, en la cual la los servicios mejoran la competitividad sist�mica de la econom�a, y una terciarizaci�n espuria, en donde los servicios tiene poco impacto en la competitividad del resto de la econom�a. Este trabajo aporta evidencia que ayuda a profundizar la caracterizaci�n de este proceso en las regiones colombianas. En una primera etapa, utilizando t�cnicas de insumo producto, se identifican las actividades terciarias con efectos multiplicadores significativos: comercio, transporte y servicios a las empresas. En la segunda etapa, se estudia el tipo de terciarizaci�n que se presentan en las distintas regiones, encontrando que la participaci�n de los servicios en el PIB regional aumenta en la medida en que el ingreso per c�pita regional lo hace y que las regiones rezagadas tienden a presentar un patr�n espurio de terciarizaci�n, mientras las m�s pr�speras estar�an asociadas a uno genuino.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 003094.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: 31 Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:003094
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  1. Schettkat, Ronald & Yocarini, Lara, 2003. "The Shift to Services: A Review of the Literature," IZA Discussion Papers 964, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Salomón Kalmanovitz & Enrique López, . "Patrones de Desarrollo y Fuentes de Crecimiento de la Agricultura," Borradores de Economia 288, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Jaime Bonet, 2005. "Cambio estructural regional en Colombia: una aproximación con matrices insumo-producto," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002083, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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