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Vocational vs. General Education and Employment over the Life-Cycle: New Evidence from PIAAC

Author

Listed:
  • Hampf, Franziska

    (ifo Institute at the University of Munich)

  • Woessmann, Ludger

    (University of Munich, ifo Institute, CESifo, and IZA)

Abstract

It has been argued that vocational education facilitates the school-to-work transition but reduces later adaptability to changing environments. Using the recent international PIAAC data, we confirm such a trade-off over the life-cycle in a difference-in-differences model that compares employment rates across education type and age. An initial employment advantage of individuals with vocational compared to general education turns into a disadvantage later in life. Results are strongest in apprenticeship countries that provide the highest intensity of industry-based vocational education.

Suggested Citation

  • Hampf, Franziska & Woessmann, Ludger, 2017. "Vocational vs. General Education and Employment over the Life-Cycle: New Evidence from PIAAC," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 326, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cge:wacage:326
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    2. Sylvain Weber, 2014. "Human capital depreciation and education level," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(5), pages 613-642, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Eric Hanushek, 2019. "Addressing Cross-National Generalizability in Educational Impact Evaluation," Working Papers 2019-007, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    2. Neyt, Brecht & Verhaest, Dieter & Baert, Stijn, 2018. "The Impact of Dual Apprenticeship Programs on Early Labour Market Outcomes: A Dynamic Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 12011, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Silliman, Mikko & Virtanen, Hanna, 2019. "Labor Market Returns to Vocational Secondary Education," ETLA Working Papers 65, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    4. Neugebauer, Martin & Weiss, Felix, 2017. "Does a Bachelor's degree pay off? Labor market outcomes of academic versus vocational education after Bologna," Discussion Papers 2017/11, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    5. Lisa Simon, 2018. "Shocking Choice: Trade Shocks, Local Labor Markets and Vocational Occupation Choices," ifo Working Paper Series 281, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    6. repec:nbr:nberch:13938 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:ces:ifobei:80 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    vocational education; apprenticeship; employment; life-cycle; PIAAC JEL Classification: J24; J64; I20;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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