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Does Importing Intermediates Increase the Demand for Skilled Workers? Plant-level Evidence from Indonesia

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  • Hiroyuki Kasahara
  • Yawen Liang
  • Joel Rodrigue

Abstract

This paper examines whether importing has contributed to skill upgrading among Indonesian plants. Our data records the distribution of years of employee schooling in each plant. We examine how importing affects the demand for highly educated workers within both production and non-production occupation categories at the plant level. We estimate a model of importing and skill-biased technological change in which selection into importing arises due to unobservable heterogenous returns from importing. We find that importing has substantially increased the relative demand for educated production workers, but has had little impact on the demand for educated non-production workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiroyuki Kasahara & Yawen Liang & Joel Rodrigue, 2013. "Does Importing Intermediates Increase the Demand for Skilled Workers? Plant-level Evidence from Indonesia," CESifo Working Paper Series 4463, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4463
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    6. James Harrigan & Ariell Reshef & Farid Toubal, 2018. "Techies, Trade, and Skill-Biased Productivity," NBER Working Papers 25295, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Akhmetova, Zhanar & Ferguson, Shon, 2015. "Offshoring, Total Factor Productivity and Skill-Biased Technological Change," Working Paper Series 1074, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    8. Leblebicioğlu, Asli & Weinberger, Ariel, 2021. "Openness and factor shares: Is globalization always bad for labor?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    9. Yasar, Mahmut & Rejesus, Roderick M., 2020. "International linkages, technology transfer, and the skilled labor wage share: Evidence from plant-level data in Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    10. Wang, Wenxiao & Thangavelu, Shandre & Lin, Faqin, 2021. "Global value chains, firms, and wage inequality: Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    11. Mahua Paul & Ramaa Arun Kumar, 2021. "Import intensity of India’s manufactured exports: an industry level analysis," Indian Economic Review, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 67-90, June.
    12. García Muñoz, Teresa María & Milgram Baleix, Juliette & Odeh, Omar Odeh, 2020. "Inequality in Latin America: The role of the nature of trade and partners," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 14, pages 1-35.
    13. Miklós Koren & Márton Csillag, 2017. "Machines and Machinists: Importing Skill-Biased Technology," CEU Working Papers 2017_1, Department of Economics, Central European University.
    14. Masahiro Endoh, 2020. "Trade Effects on Wage Inequality through Worker and Firm Heterogeneity in Japan," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2020-017, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.

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    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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