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The Impact of QE on Liquidity: Evidence from the UK Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme

Author

Listed:
  • Boneva, L.
  • Elliott, D.
  • Kaminska, I.
  • Linton, O.
  • McLaren, N.
  • Morley, B.

Abstract

In August 2016, the Bank of England (BoE) announced a Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme (CBPS) to purchase up to $10bn of sterling corporate bonds. To investigate the impact of these purchases on liquidity, we create a novel dataset that combines transaction-level data from the secondary corporate bond market with proprietary offer-level data from the BoE's CBPS auctions. Identifying the impact of central bank asset purchases on liquidity is potentially impacted by reverse causality, because liquidity considerations might impact purchases. But the offer-level data allow us to construct proxy measures for the BoE's demand for bonds and auction participants' supply of bonds, meaning that we can control for the impact of liquidity on purchases. Across a range of liquidity measures, we find that CBPS purchases improved the liquidity of purchased bonds.

Suggested Citation

  • Boneva, L. & Elliott, D. & Kaminska, I. & Linton, O. & McLaren, N. & Morley, B., 2019. "The Impact of QE on Liquidity: Evidence from the UK Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1937, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:1937
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Belsham, Thomas & Rattan, Alex & Maher, Rebecca, 2017. "Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme: design, operation and impact," Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, Bank of England, vol. 57(3), pages 170-181.
    2. Nick McLaren & Ryan N. Banerjee & David Latto, 2014. "Using Changes in Auction Maturity Sectors to Help Identify the Impact of QE on Gilt Yields," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0(576), pages 453-479, May.
    3. Abidi, Nordine & Miquel-Flores, Ixart, 2018. "Who benefits from the corporate QE? A regression discontinuity design approach," Working Paper Series 2145, European Central Bank.
    4. Kentaro Iwatsubo & Tomoki Taishi, 2018. "Quantitative Easing and Liquidity in the Japanese Government Bond Market," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 18(3), pages 463-475, September.
    5. Francis Breedon & Jagjit S. Chadha & Alex Waters, 2012. "The financial market impact of UK quantitative easing," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 702-728, WINTER.
    6. Zhaogang Song & Haoxiang Zhu, 2014. "QE Auctions of Treasury Bonds," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-48, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Ferdinandusse, Marien & Freier, Maximilian & Ristiniemi, Annukka, 2017. "Quantitative easing and the price-liquidity trade-off," Working Paper Series 335, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    8. Joseph Gagnon & Matthew Raskin & Julie Remache & Brian Sack, 2011. "The Financial Market Effects of the Federal Reserve's Large-Scale Asset Purchases," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 7(1), pages 3-43, March.
    9. Kandrac, John, 2013. "Have Federal Reserve MBS purchases affected market functioning?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 188-191.
    10. Roll, Richard, 1984. "A Simple Implicit Measure of the Effective Bid-Ask Spread in an Efficient Market," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1127-1139, September.
    11. Boneva, Lena & de Roure, Calebe & Morley, Ben, 2018. "The impact of the Bank of England’s Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme on yield spreads," Bank of England working papers 719, Bank of England.
    12. D’Amico, Stefania & Kaminska, Iryna, 2019. "Credit easing versus quantitative easing: evidence from corporate and government bond purchase programs," Bank of England working papers 825, Bank of England.
    13. Steeley, James M., 2015. "The side effects of quantitative easing: Evidence from the UK bond market," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 303-336.
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    Cited by:

    1. D’Amico, Stefania & Kaminska, Iryna, 2019. "Credit easing versus quantitative easing: evidence from corporate and government bond purchase programs," Bank of England working papers 825, Bank of England.
    2. Joost Bats, 2020. "Corporates' dependence on banks: The impact of ECB corporate sector purchases," DNB Working Papers 667, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Quantitative easing; Market liquidity; Market-making; Corporate bonds;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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