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Quantitative easing in the United Kingdom: evidence from financial markets on QE1 and QE2

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  • Michael A. S. Joyce
  • Nick McLaren
  • Chris Young

Abstract

During the recent financial crisis the Bank of England, like many other central banks, loosened monetary policy using both conventional and unconventional measures. The main unconventional measure used by the Bank was the policy of asset purchases—mainly of government bonds—financed by the creation of central bank money, so-called quantitative easing (QE). During March 2009 to January 2010 and October 2011 to May 2012, the Bank completed asset purchases of £200 billion (QE1) and £125 billion (QE2), respectively. The decision to resume purchases in July 2012 will mean that by November 2012 the Bank will have bought a total of £375 billion of assets, equivalent to around 25 per cent of annual GDP. This article reviews the transmission channels through which asset purchases operate and assesses the impact of QE1 and QE2 on financial markets. Copyright 2012, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael A. S. Joyce & Nick McLaren & Chris Young, 2012. "Quantitative easing in the United Kingdom: evidence from financial markets on QE1 and QE2," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 671-701, WINTER.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:28:y:2012:i:4:p:671-701
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Haldane, Andrew & Roberts-Sklar, Matt & Wieladek, Tomasz & Young, Chris, 2016. "QE: the story so far," CEPR Discussion Papers 11691, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Anastasios Evgenidis & Apostolos Fasianos, 2019. "Monetary Policy and Wealth Inequalities in Great Britain: Assessing the role of unconventional policies for a decade of household data," Papers 1912.09702, arXiv.org.
    3. Joyce, Michael & Liu, Zhuoshi & Tonks, Ian, 2014. "Institutional investor portfolio allocation, quantitative easing and the global financial crisis," Bank of England working papers 510, Bank of England.
    4. Christopher Bowdler & Amar Radia, 2012. "Unconventional monetary policy: the assessment," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 603-621, WINTER.
    5. D’Amico, Stefania & Kaminska, Iryna, 2019. "Credit easing versus quantitative easing: evidence from corporate and government bond purchase programs," Bank of England working papers 825, Bank of England.
    6. Anastasios Evgenidis & Apostolos Fasianos, 2021. "Unconventional Monetary Policy and Wealth Inequalities in Great Britain," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 83(1), pages 115-175, February.
    7. Inoue, Tomoo & Okimoto, Tatsuyoshi, 2022. "International spillover effects of unconventional monetary policies of major central banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    8. Churm, Rohan & Joyce, Michael & Kapetanios, George & Theodoridis, Konstantinos, 2021. "Unconventional monetary policies and the macroeconomy: The impact of the UK's QE2 and funding for lending scheme," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 721-736.
    9. Churm, Rohan & Joyce, Mike & Kapetanios, George & Theodoridis, Konstantinos, 2015. "Unconventional monetary policies and the macroeconomy: the impact of the United Kingdom's QE2 and Funding for Lending Scheme," Bank of England working papers 542, Bank of England.
    10. Farrant, Katie & Inkinen, Mika & Rutkowska, Magda & Theodoridis, Konstantinos, 2013. "What can company data tell us about financing and investment decisions?," Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, Bank of England, vol. 53(4), pages 361-370.
    11. Steeley, James M. & Matyushkin, Alexander, 2015. "The effects of quantitative easing on the volatility of the gilt-edged market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 113-128.
    12. Breckenfelder, Johannes & De Fiore, Fiorella & Andrade, Philippe & Karadi, Peter & Tristani, Oreste, 2016. "The ECB's asset purchase programme: an early assessment," Working Paper Series 1956, European Central Bank.
    13. Kaminska, Iryna & Mumtaz, Haroon, 2022. "Monetary policy transmission during QE times: role of expectations and term premia channels," Bank of England working papers 978, Bank of England, revised 31 Aug 2022.
    14. Steeley, James M., 2015. "The side effects of quantitative easing: Evidence from the UK bond market," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 303-336.
    15. Bunn, Philip & Smietanka, Pawel & Mizen, Paul, 2018. "Growing pension deficits and the expenditure decisions of UK companies," Bank of England working papers 714, Bank of England.
    16. Christopher Spencer, 2014. "Conventional and Unconventional Votes: A Tale of Three Monetary Policy Committees," Discussion Paper Series 2014_11, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Dec 2014.
    17. Shogbuyi, Abiodun & Steeley, James M., 2017. "The effect of quantitative easing on the variance and covariance of the UK and US equity markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 281-291.

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