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A new dimension to currency mismatches in the emerging markets - non-financial companies

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  • Michael Chui
  • Emese Kuruc
  • Philip Turner

Abstract

A new dimension to currency mismatches has been created by policies that have increased global liquidity. Lower policy rates and a huge expansion in central bank balance sheets - purchases of domestic bonds in the advanced economies and of foreign assets in the emerging market economies (EMEs) - have served to ease financing conditions facing EME companies. This has allowed these companies to increase their gearing, notably by greater foreign currency borrowing. Aggregate foreign currency mismatches of the non-government sector in the EMEs have therefore risen sharply since 2010. Microeconomic data show that it was not only companies providing tradable goods and services but also those producing non-tradable goods which have increased their foreign currency borrowing. The across-the-board decline in EME companies' profitability since mid-2014 has brought to light significant vulnerabilities that may aggravate market volatility. Weak corporate profitability is also likely to constrain business fixed investment, and therefore growth, in the near term. But the strong external asset positions of most emerging market economies will help the authorities cope with these challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Chui & Emese Kuruc & Philip Turner, 2016. "A new dimension to currency mismatches in the emerging markets - non-financial companies," BIS Working Papers 550, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:550
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    6. Mateane, Lebogang, 2020. "Risk preferences, global market conditions and foreign debt: Is there any role for the currency composition of FX reserves?," EconStor Preprints 227484, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    7. Köhler, Karsten, 2016. "Currency devaluations, aggregate demand, and debt dynamics in an economy with foreign currency liabilities," IPE Working Papers 78/2016, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
    8. Pablo G. Bortz & Annina Kaltenbrunner, 2018. "The International Dimension of Financialization in Developing and Emerging Economies," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 49(2), pages 375-393, March.
    9. Kim, Soyoung & Shin, Hyun Song, 2021. "Offshore EME bond issuance and the transmission channels of global liquidity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    10. Emese Kuruc & Bruno Tissot & Philip Turner, 2017. "Looking at aggregate currency mismatches and beyond," IFC Bulletins chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Uses of central balance sheet data offices' information, volume 45, Bank for International Settlements.
    11. Shesadri Banerjee & M S Mohanty, 2021. "US monetary policy and the financial channel of the exchange rate: evidence from India," BIS Working Papers 945, Bank for International Settlements.
    12. Hans Genberg, 2017. "Global Shocks and Risk to Financial Stability in Asia," Working Papers wp25, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre.
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    14. Abraham, Facundo & Cortina, Juan J. & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2021. "The rise of domestic capital markets for corporate financing: Lessons from East Asia," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    15. Irving Fisher Committee, 2017. "Uses of central balance sheet data offices' information," IFC Bulletins, Bank for International Settlements, number 45.
    16. José Antonio Morales Castro & Francisco López-Herrera, 2021. "Ganancias cambiarias en empresas mexicanas y variables fundamentales y económicas," Remef - Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas Nueva Época REMEF (The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance), Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas, IMEF, vol. 16(2), pages 1-21, Abril - J.
    17. Tobal, Martin & Menna, Lorenzo, 2020. "Monetary policy and financial stability in emerging market economies," Latin American Journal of Central Banking (previously Monetaria), Elsevier, vol. 1(1).
    18. Joseph E Gagnon & Philip Turner, 2019. "Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies for Sustained Growth in Asia," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 497, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
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    21. Bryan Hardy & Felipe Saffie, 2019. "From carry trades to trade credit: financial intermediation by non-financial corporations," BIS Working Papers 773, Bank for International Settlements.
    22. Dietrich Domanski & Emanuel Kohlscheen & Ramon Moreno, 2016. "Foreign exchange market intervention in EMEs: what has changed?," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
    23. José Antonio Morales Castro & Francisco López-Herrera, 2021. "Ganancias cambiarias en empresas mexicanas y variables fundamentales y económicas," Remef - Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas Nueva Época REMEF (The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance), Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas, IMEF, vol. 16(2), pages 1-21, Abril - J.
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