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Descalces cambiarios de las firmas no financieras en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Sergio Restrepo Ángel
  • Jorge Niño Cuervo
  • Enrique Montes Uribe

Abstract

Usando una base de datos tipo panel con una muestra de firmas del sector real colombiano, se determina que las empresas en Colombia no calzan la composición por monedas de sus pasivos con la de sus activos e ingresos. Siguiendo la metodología de Cowan et. al (2005), se encontró que una depreciación de 10% del tipo de cambio real, similar a la ocurrida en Colombia en 1999, provoca una reducción de 3% en la tasa de inversión en activos fijos de aquellas firmas con la mitad de su deuda en dólares comparadas con aquellas que tienen cero, ceteris paribus. Los resultados muestran la importancia de tener una medición adecuada del grado de exposición cambiaria de la firma al momento de cuantificar los efectos de una depreciación sobre inversión y producción.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio Restrepo Ángel & Jorge Niño Cuervo & Enrique Montes Uribe, 2014. "Descalces cambiarios de las firmas no financieras en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 11126, Banco de la Republica.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:011126
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés J. García Bernal & José E. Gómez-González & Tatiana A. Mora-Arbeláez & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2015. "Una historia exhaustiva de la regulación financiera en Colombia: El caso del encaje bancario, derivados financieros y riesgos de crédito," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(2), pages 221-268, December.
    2. Humala, Alberto, 2019. "Corporate earnings sensitivity to FX volatility and currency exposure: evidence from Peru," Working Papers 2019-021, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Camila Casas & Sergii Meleshchuk & Yannick Timmer, 2020. "The Dominant Currency Financing Channel of External Adjustment," Borradores de Economia 1111, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Adolfo Barajas & Sergio Restrepo & Roberto Steiner & Juan Camilo Medellín & César Pabón, 2016. "Balance Sheet Effects in Colombian Non-Financial Firms," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 15228, Fedesarrollo.
    5. Viviana Alejandra Alfonso Corredor, 2018. "El uso de forwards peso dólar en las empresas colombianas del sector real," Borradores de Economia 1058, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Michael Chui & Emese Kuruc & Philip Turner, 2016. "A new dimension to currency mismatches in the emerging markets - non-financial companies," BIS Working Papers 550, Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Descalce cambiario; datos panel; tasa de cambio; coberturas cambiarias.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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