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Una Historia Exhaustiva de la Regulación Financiera en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Tatiana A. Mora-Arbeláez

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Andres J. Garcia-Bernal

    (Universidad de los Andes)

  • Jose E. Gomez-Gonzalez

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

La crisis financiera colombiana de finales de la década de 1990 causó graves traumatismos a la economía del país, pero también dejó importantes lecciones para el manejo de la política macroeconómica y la regulación financiera. Sin embargo, hoy en día no hay consenso sobre el impacto que tuvieron las medidas macro- prudenciales sobre las principales variables económicas. Esto se debe, en parte, por la ausencia de un recuento detallado de las acciones de política adoptadas por los diversos entes gubernamentales y del contexto en que estas se desarrollaron. Este artículo pretende contribuir a la literatura proporcionando un listado exhaustivo de los cambios regulatorios en el sistema financiero durante los últimos 25 años. Específicamente, nos centramos en tres grandes tópicos financieros: i) encajes bancarios, ii) derivados financieros y posición propia, y iii) riesgos de crédito, de mercado y de liquidez. Por consiguiente, el aporte principal de este trabajo es de servir como insumo de futuras evaluaciones de impacto que se realicen sobre las medidas macro-prudenciales en Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatiana A. Mora-Arbeláez & Andres J. Garcia-Bernal & Jose E. Gomez-Gonzalez & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2015. "Una Historia Exhaustiva de la Regulación Financiera en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 887, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:887
    DOI: 10.32468/be.887
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hernando Zuleta G., 1997. "Una Visión General Del Sistema Financiero Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 3732, Banco de la Republica.
    2. Villar Gómez Leonardo & David M. Salamanca Rojas & Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2005. "Crédito, represión financiera y flujos de capitales en Colombia: 1974-2003," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes,Facultad de Economía, CEDE, May.
    3. Juan Pablo Zárate Perdomo & Adolfo León Cobo & José Eduardo Gómez-González, 2012. "Lecciones de las crisis financieras recientes para el diseño e implementación de las políticas monetarias," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 30(69), pages 258-293, December.
    4. Andrés J. García Bernal & José E. Gómez-González & Tatiana A. Mora-Arbeláez & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2015. "Una historia exhaustiva de la regulación financiera en Colombia: El caso del encaje bancario, derivados financieros y riesgos de crédito," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(2), pages 221-268, December.
    5. Sergio Restrepo Ángel & Jorge Niño Cuervo & Enrique Montes Uribe, 2014. "Descalces cambiarios de las firmas no financieras en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 805, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Joshua N. Feinman, 1993. "Reserve requirements: history, current practice, and potential reform," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Jun, pages 569-589.
    7. Douglas W. Diamond & Philip H. Dybvig, 2000. "Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, vol. 24(Win), pages 14-23.
    8. Yanneth Rocío Betancourt & Hernando Vargas, 2008. "Encajes bancarios y la estrategia de inflación objetivo," Borradores de Economia 533, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Juan Pablo Zárate Perdomo & Adolfo León Cobo & José Eduardo Gómez-González, 2012. "Lecciones de las crisis financieras recientes para el diseño e implementación de las políticas monetarias," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 30(69), pages 258-293, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pamela Cardozo & Fredy Gamboa & David Perez-Reyna & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2016. "Banking Limits on Foreign Holdings: Disentangling the Portfolio Balance Channel," Borradores de Economia 934, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Juan Sebastian Cubillos-Rocha & Juliana Gamboa-Arbelaez & Luis Fernando Melo-Velandia & Sara Restrepo-Tamayo & Maria Jose Roa-Garcia & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2021. "Effects of interest rate caps on credit access," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 60(2), pages 117-139, December.
    3. Andrés J. García Bernal & José E. Gómez-González & Tatiana A. Mora-Arbeláez & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas, 2015. "Una historia exhaustiva de la regulación financiera en Colombia: El caso del encaje bancario, derivados financieros y riesgos de crédito," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(2), pages 221-268, December.
    4. Kuersteiner, Guido M. & Phillips, David C. & Villamizar-Villegas, Mauricio, 2018. "Effective sterilized foreign exchange intervention? Evidence from a rule-based policy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 118-138.
    5. Perez-Reyna, David & Villamizar-Villegas, Mauricio, 2019. "Exchange rate effects of financial regulations," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 228-245.
    6. Holmes, Mark J. & Iregui, Ana María & Otero, Jesús, 2019. "Interest rate convergence across maturities: Evidence from bank data in an emerging market economy," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 57-70.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Historia financiera; medidas macro-prudenciales; regulación financiera; derivados cambiarios; encajes bancarios; riesgo de crédito.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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