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A Market Based Solution to Price Externalities: A Generalized Framework

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  • Weerachart T. Kilenthong
  • Robert M. Townsend

Abstract

Pecuniary externalities have regained the interest of researchers as they seek policy interventions and regulations to remedy externality-induced distortions, e.g., balance sheet effects, amplifiers and fire sales. In this paper we go back to first principles and show how to design financial contracts and markets in such a way that ex ante competition can achieve a constrained-efficient allocation. The key as in general equilibrium theory is to extend the commodity space in such a way that bundling, exclusivity and additional markets internalize these pecuniary externalities. We devise in this paper a general way of proceeding that covers as a general case the large variety of example-economies which differ from one another in the particular source of the constraint generating the externality. A key take away from our approach is that we do not need to identify and quantify some policy intervention. With the appropriate ex ante design we can let markets solve the problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Weerachart T. Kilenthong & Robert M. Townsend, 2014. "A Market Based Solution to Price Externalities: A Generalized Framework," NBER Working Papers 20275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20275
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Anil K. Jain & Robert M. Townsend, 2021. "The economics of platforms in a Walrasian framework," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 71(3), pages 877-924, April.
    2. Weerachart T. Kilenthong & Robert M. Townsend, 2021. "A Market-Based Solution for Fire Sales and Other Pecuniary Externalities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 129(4), pages 981-1010.
    3. Alfred Duncan & Charles Nolan, 2015. "Objectives and Challenges of Macroprudential Policy," Working Papers 2015_22, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    4. Alfred Duncan, 2016. "Private information and business cycle risk sharing," Working Papers 2016_02, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    5. Weerachart Kilenthong & Robert Townsend, 2014. "Segregated Security Exchanges with Ex Ante Rights to Trade: A Market-Based Solution to Collateral-Constrained Externalities," NBER Working Papers 20086, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Anil K. Jain & Robert M. Townsend, 2020. "The Economics of Platforms in a Walrasian Framework," International Finance Discussion Papers 1280, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Borys Grochulski, 2013. "Pecuniary Externalities, Segregated Exchanges, and Market Liquidity in a Diamond-Dybvig Economy with Retrade," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue 4Q, pages 305-340.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities

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