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Inefficient Investment Waves

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  • Zhiguo He
  • Péter Kondor

Abstract

We show that firms' individually optimal liquidity management results in socially inefficient boom‐and‐bust patterns. Financially constrained firms decide on the level of their liquid resources facing cash‐flow shocks and time‐varying investment opportunities. Firms' liquidity management decisions generate simultaneous waves in aggregate cash holdings and investment, even if technology remains constant. These investment waves are not constrained efficient in general, because the social and private value of liquidity differs. The resulting pecuniary externality affects incentives differentially depending on the state of the economy, and often overinvestment occurs during booms and underinvestment occurs during recessions. In general, policies intended to mitigate underinvestment raise prices during recessions, making overinvestment during booms worse. However, a well‐designed price‐support policy will increase welfare in both booms and recessions.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhiguo He & Péter Kondor, 2016. "Inefficient Investment Waves," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 735-780, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:emetrp:v:84:y:2016:i::p:735-780
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hassan Belkacem GHASSAN, 2017. "New alternative measuring financial stability," Turkish Economic Review, KSP Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 275-281, September.
    2. Semyon Malamud & Andreas Schrimpf, 2016. "Intermediation Markups and Monetary Policy Passthrough," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 16-75, Swiss Finance Institute.
    3. Zhiguo He & Péter Kondor, 2016. "Inefficient Investment Waves," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 735-780, March.
    4. Olkhov, Victor, 2017. "Quantitative wave model of macro-finance," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 143-150.
    5. repec:eee:moneco:v:90:y:2017:i:c:p:113-124 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Eisenbach, Thomas M. & Phelan, Gregory, 2018. "Cournot fire sales," Staff Reports 837, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    7. repec:eee:rensus:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:554-587 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Dow, James & Han, Jungsuk, 2015. "Contractual incompleteness, limited liability and asset price bubbles," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 383-409.
    9. Moore, John, 2013. "Pecuniary Externality through Credit Constraints: Two Examples without Uncertainty," SIRE Discussion Papers 2013-71, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    10. Parlatore, Cecilia, 2016. "Fragility in money market funds: Sponsor support and regulation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 595-623.
    11. Zhiguo He & Arvind Krishnamurthy, 2014. "A Macroeconomic Framework for Quantifying Systemic Risk," NBER Working Papers 19885, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Gersbach, Hans & Rochet, Jean-Charles, 2017. "Capital regulation and credit fluctuations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 113-124.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination

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