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Una revisión de los estudios de convergencia regional en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte
  • Wendy Galvis-Larios
  • Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro

    (Banco de la República)

Abstract

El estudio de la convergencia regional en Colombia inició hace más de 20 años. La discusión académica ha sido extensa, pero sus resultados presentan poco consenso debido a diferencias en metodologías y periodos de estudio, entre otros factores. En este trabajo se lleva a cabo una revisión de los principales métodos y hallazgos realizados por la literatura nacional, utilizando cuatro definiciones alternativas de convergencia: 1) Convergencia ß, 2) Convergencia s, 3) Convergencia en series de tiempo y 4) Convergencia en la distribución. En general, la literatura nacional que implementa las primeras dos metodologías suele presentar resultados mixtos. No obstante, definiciones posteriores de convergencia han resultado en un mayor consenso académico. Usando cifras departamentales para los últimos 20 años, se presentan algunos ejercicios empíricos con cada uno de los enfoques anteriores. En particular, la distribución de la riqueza regional ha presentado pocas variaciones en el tiempo, fenómeno que se conoce en la literatura como persistencia. ******ABSTRACT: The study of regional convergence in Colombia started more than 20 years ago. The academic discussion has been extensive and its conclusions are diverse. This document revises the main methodologies and findings proposed by the Colombian literature, using four different definitions of convergence: 1) ß convergence; 2) s convergence; 3) Time series convergence and 4) Distribution dynamics. In general, the studies that implement the first two approaches generate mixed results. Nonetheless, the utilization of a recent definition of convergence provides more homogenous results. Using regional data for the last 20 years, we apply the former definitions of convergence for the case of Colombian departments. Output distribution across regions has not varied significantly in time, a circumstance that is often referred to in the literature as economic persistence.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Wendy Galvis-Larios & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro, 2017. "Una revisión de los estudios de convergencia regional en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 264, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:264
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.264
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Diana Ricciulli-Marín & Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Eduardo A. Haddad & Inácio F. Araújo & Fernando S. Perobelli, 2020. "Diferencias regionales en el impacto económico del aislamiento preventivo por el COVID-19: estudio de caso para Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 290, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Diana Ricciulli-Marín & Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Eduardo A. Haddad & Inácio F. Araújo & Fernando S. Perobelli, 2020. "Diferencias regionales en el impacto económico del aislamiento preventivo por el COVID-19: estudio de caso para Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 018203, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Convergencia; Regiones; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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