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Convergencia y trampas espaciales de pobreza en Colombia: Evidencia reciente


  • Luis Armando Galvis


  • Adolfo Meisel



This paper studies the evidence on regional convergence in the last two decades. The results point to a high degree of persistence in regional inequalities. This was confirmed through the analysis of spatial econometrics, which showed that there is a strong spatial dependence in the distribution of poverty in Colombia. The results show that it may take more than two centuries for Choco to catch-up with Bogota´s per capita income. RESUMEN: En este trabajo se analiza la evidencia sobre convergencia regional en las dos últimas décadas. Los resultados tienden a confirmar un alto grado de persistencia en las desigualdades regionales. Estos hallazgos fueron reforzados a través del análisis de econometría espacial, donde se corroboró que hay una marcada dependencia espacial en la distribución de la pobreza en Colombia. De acuerdo con los resultados, el grado de persistencia en la pobreza es tal que el Chocó tendría un rezago en el ingreso de más de dos siglos, en relación a Bogotá.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis & Adolfo Meisel, 2012. "Convergencia y trampas espaciales de pobreza en Colombia: Evidencia reciente," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 010287, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010287
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.177

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Juan Guillermo Bedoya & Yadira Díaz, 2016. "Geografía económica, descentralización y pobreza multidimensional en Colombia," Cuadernos de Fedesarrollo 014443, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Edilberto Rodríguez Araújo, 2014. "Los cuadrantes del desempeño regional en Colombia (2000-2012)," Revista Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, June.
    3. Casto Martín Montero Kuscevic & Marco Antonio del Río Rivera, 2013. "Convergencia en Bolivia: un enfoque espacial con datos de panel dinámicos," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, August.
    4. Christian Daude & Christine de la Maisonneuve, 2016. "Subnational fiscal sustainability, risk sharing and “fiscal fatigue” in Colombia," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 219(4), pages 137-160, December.
    5. Modrego, Félix & Berdegué, Julio A., 2015. "A Large-Scale Mapping of Territorial Development Dynamics in Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 11-31.
    6. Ramírez, Jorge & Avellaneda, Claudia & Pineda, Katerine, 2014. "Estimación del Índice de Desarrollo Humano ajustado para los departamentos colombianos," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, issue 83, pages 135-160, November.
    7. Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Juan Guillermo Bedoya & Yadira Díaz, 2014. "Convergencia social en Colombia: el rol de la geografía económica y de la descentralización," Informes de Investigación 012499, Fedesarrollo.
    8. Guillaume Bousquet & Christian Daude & Christine de la Maisonneuve, 2015. "Fiscal Decentralisation in Colombia: New Evidence Regarding Sustainability, Risk Sharing and “Fiscal Fatigue”," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1202, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item


    Convergencia; persistencia; distribución del ingreso; econometría espacial.;

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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