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Geografía económica, descentralización y pobreza multidimensional en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez

    ()

  • Juan Guillermo Bedoya

    ()

  • Yadira Díaz

    ()

Abstract

"La distribución espacial de las actividades económicas tiende a ser desigual y se concentra en algunas áreas geográficas como resultado de la existencia de economías de aglomeración. Sin embargo, la existencia de una geografía económica desigual no implica que el mapa de las oportunidades sociales, y en particular el acceso a mínimos sociales deba ser desigual. En este estudio se analiza la pobreza multidimensional en Colombia a nivel municipal, explorando el efecto de la geografía como condicionante de los resultados sociales, y el papel que la descentralización pudo haber jugado para contrabalancear dichos efectos. El estudio aborda la relación entre descentralización y pobreza multidimensional en dos direcciones: en la primera se analiza la evolución de la pobreza multidimensional en Colombia a nivel municipal entre 1993 y 2005, y su asociación con variables de geografía económica y de descentralización. En la segunda, se evalúa el efecto causal del esfuerzo fiscal de los municipios de Colombia sobre la privación multidimensional. Los resultados del estudio sugieren que las estrategias para superar la pobreza deben complementarse con un enfoque territorial y tener en cuenta que la privación está fuertemente definida por interacciones geográficas. Políticas territoriales diferenciadas y diseños de la descentralización que tengan en cuenta la heterogeneidad de los municipios y las regiones, son definitivamente requeridos con el fin de mejorar la convergencia de los territorios a mínimos sociales. El papel de las variables de geografía económica debe ser tenido en cuenta en el diseño de tales políticas. En particular, Colombia tiene una agenda pendiente para reducir la pobreza rural."

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Juan Guillermo Bedoya & Yadira Díaz, 2016. "Geografía económica, descentralización y pobreza multidimensional en Colombia," Cuadernos de Fedesarrollo 014443, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000439:014443
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/2894
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Darwin Cortés & Juan Fernando Vargas, 2012. "Inequidad regional en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo 010081, Universidad del Rosario.
    2. Kelejian, Harry H & Prucha, Ingmar R, 1999. "A Generalized Moments Estimator for the Autoregressive Parameter in a Spatial Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(2), pages 509-533, May.
    3. Massimiliano Calì & Carlo Menon, 2013. "Does Urbanization Affect Rural Poverty? Evidence from Indian Districts," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 27(2), pages 171-201.
    4. Luis Armando Galvis & Adolfo Meisel, 2012. "Convergencia y trampas espaciales de pobreza en Colombia: Evidencia reciente," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 177, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Ioannides, Yannis M., 2002. "Residential neighborhood effects," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 145-165, March.
    6. Jorge Martinez-Vazquez & Andrey Timofeev, 2009. "Decentralization Measures Revisited," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0913, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    7. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    8. Kelejian, Harry H. & Prucha, Ingmar R., 2004. "Estimation of simultaneous systems of spatially interrelated cross sectional equations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1-2), pages 27-50.
    9. Taimur Samad & Nancy Lozano-Gracia & Alexandra Panman, 2012. "Colombia Urbanization Review : Amplifying the Gains from the Urban Transition," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11955, June.
    10. David M. Drukker & Peter Egger & Ingmar R. Prucha, 2013. "On Two-Step Estimation of a Spatial Autoregressive Model with Autoregressive Disturbances and Endogenous Regressors," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(5-6), pages 686-733, August.
    11. Leonardo Villar & Juan Mauricio Ramírez, 2014. "Infraestructura regional y pobreza rural," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 011555, Fedesarrollo.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaime Bonet & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2019. "Financiamiento y calidad del gasto social," Chapters, in: Jaime Bonet & Diana Ricciuli-Marin (ed.),Casa Grande Caribe, chapter 5, pages 192-231, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Jaime Bonet & Diana Ricciuli-Marin (ed.), 2019. "Casa Grande Caribe," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2019-04, July-Dece.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pobreza; Pobreza Multidimensional; Geografía Económica; DescentralizaciónDesarrollo Rural; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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