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Decentralization in Colombia: searching for social equity in a bumpy economic geography

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  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez

    ()

  • Yadira Díaz

    ()

  • Juan Guillermo Bedoya

    ()

Abstract

La descentralización en Colombia fue concebida para mejorar el acceso de la población a los servicios sociales, reducir la pobreza y proveer bienestar en todo el territorio. Sin embargo, después de más de 20 años persiste una gran brecha social entre los municipios. Este trabajo examina los factores determinantes de la pobreza multidimensional a nivel municipal. En particular, se analiza el impacto de un proceso de descentralización basado en la delegación de la prestación de servicios sociales, junto con el aumento de transferencias subnacionales desde el Gobierno Central, sobre el logro de mininos sociales descritos por la tasa de pobreza y la brecha de pobreza multidimensional. Utilizamos un enfoque de variables instrumentales para tener en cuenta la endogeneidad que surge al evaluar el impacto de la descentralización fiscal sobre la privación multidimensional; al mismo tiempo se tiene en cuenta la interdependencia espacial de la privación entre los municipios mediante la implementación de un modelo espacial autorregresivo con perturbación espacial autorregresiva. Encontramos resultados estadísticamente significativos en todas las especificaciones probadas que confirman: primero, la existencia de spillovers espaciales de la privación entre municipios que deben tenerse en cuenta al diseñar intervenciones de política pública. Segundo, efectos causales de la descentralización sobre la brecha y la tasa de pobreza multidimensional. Escenarios contrafactuales de políticas de descentralización espacialmente diferenciadas muestran ser más eficaces que aquellas que ignoran el rol de los factores geográficos.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Yadira Díaz & Juan Guillermo Bedoya, 2014. "Decentralization in Colombia: searching for social equity in a bumpy economic geography," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 011557, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:011557
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonardo Villar & Juan Mauricio Ramírez, 2014. "Infraestructura regional y pobreza rural," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 011555, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Lozano, Ignacio & Julio, Juan Manuel, 2016. "Descentralización fiscal y crecimiento económico en Colombia: evidencia de datos de panel a nivel regional," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    3. Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Juan Manuel Julio-Román, 2015. "Descentralización Fiscal y Crecimiento Económico: Evidencia Regional en Panel de Datos para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 865, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Rojas Rivera, Angela Milena & Rengifo López, Juan Camilo, 2016. "Desarrollo económico y espacial desigual: panorama teórico y aproximaciones al caso colombiano," Borradores Departamento de Economía 015257, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE.
    5. Luis Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Juan Manuel Julio-Román, 2015. "Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: Evidence from Regional-Level Panel Data for Colombia," Borradores de Economia 865i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Lozano, Ignacio & Julio, Juan Manuel, 2016. "Fiscal decentralization and economic growth in Colombia: evidence from regional-level panel data," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Descentralización; pobreza multidimensional; equidad; geografía económica; interdependencia espacial; Latino América; Colombia. Decentralization; multidimensional poverty; equity; economic geography; spatial interdependence; Latin America.;

    JEL classification:

    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • H74 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Borrowing
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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