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Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional para Colombia

  • Roberto Carlos Angulo Salazar

    ()

  • Yadira Díaz Cuervo

    ()

  • Renata Pardo

    ()

Este artículo presenta el Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional de Colombia(IPM-Colombia), una iniciativa del Departamento Nacional de Planeaciónbasada en la metodología de Alkire y Foster (AF) (2007, 2011a). La metodologíapropuesta para Colombia se compone de cinco dimensiones: condicioneseducativas del hogar, condiciones de la niñez y la juventud, salud, trabajo, yacceso a los servicios públicos domiciliarios y las condiciones de la vivienda. Elíndice utiliza una estructura de ponderación anidada, en la que cada dimensióntiene el mismo peso y cada variable tiene el mismo peso al interior de cadadimensión. Se presentan, de forma muy general, algunos resultados del índice.Los resultados del IPM Colombia indican que la pobreza multidimensional enColombia se redujo entre 1997 y 2010. Del análisis de los indicadores por zonaurbana y rural se puede concluir que a pesar de la reducción en todas lasmedidas de pobreza multidimensional, persisten grandes desequilibrios entre lapoblación pobre y no pobre. Así mismo, se observan grandes diferenciasregionales. Adicionalmente, este documento presenta algunas aplicaciones delIPM-Colombia con fines de política pública.Palabras clave: medida de pobreza multidimensional, Colombia, metodologíaAF, privaciones, identificación, desagregación urbana, rural y regional

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Paper provided by DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN in its series ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA with number 009228.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: 07 Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000118:009228
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