IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La persistencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico colombiano y sus factores asociados


  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte


  • Lina Marcela Moyano-Támara
  • Carlos Alberto Alba-Fajardo


En este trabajo se realiza un análisis de la pobreza y las desigualdades existentes en el Pacífico colombiano. Se estudian las razones por las cuales esta región se ha quedado rezagada frente a las demás. Para lo anterior, se lleva a cabo un diagnóstico de la pobreza utilizando cuatro indicadores: Línea de Pobreza; Índice de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas; Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional; y Esfuerzo Requerido. De los resultados se infiere que independientemente del indicador empleado, la incidencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico es alta; lo es aún más en Chocó y en los municipios del Cauca. Finalmente, en la búsqueda de un mejor entendimiento de la persistencia de la pobreza, se examinan brevemente aspectos como: capital humano, gasto público y conflicto armado. La evidencia sugiere que la mayoría de municipios de la región se encuentran en una trampa espacial de pobreza. ******ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the incidence of poverty and inequalities in the Pacific Coast of Colombia. The document aims to understand the reasons why this region has been lagging behind others. To this end, we conduct a diagnostic of poverty measures such as: poverty line, Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index, Multidimensional Poverty Index, and effort required to reduce the socioeconomic gaps. The results show that regardless of the indicator used, the region is characterized by a high incidence of poverty, which is more salient in the municipalities of Chocó and Cauca. Finally, to understand why the high incidence of poverty is persistent we discuss the aspects related to human capital, public expenditure and armed conflict. We conclude that a most of the population in the region suffer from a "poverty trap" that refrains them to achieve a higher development.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Lina Marcela Moyano-Támara & Carlos Alberto Alba-Fajardo, 2016. "La persistencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico colombiano y sus factores asociados," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014628, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:014628

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item


    Pacífico; trampas de pobreza; desigualdades; capital humano; economía regional.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:014628. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.