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La persistencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico colombiano y sus factores asociados

Author

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  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte

    ()

  • Lina Marcela Moyano-Támara
  • Carlos Alberto Alba-Fajardo

Abstract

En este trabajo se realiza un análisis de la pobreza y las desigualdades existentes en el Pacífico colombiano. Se estudian las razones por las cuales esta región se ha quedado rezagada frente a las demás. Para lo anterior, se lleva a cabo un diagnóstico de la pobreza utilizando cuatro indicadores: Línea de Pobreza; Índice de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas; Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional; y Esfuerzo Requerido. De los resultados se infiere que independientemente del indicador empleado, la incidencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico es alta; lo es aún más en Chocó y en los municipios del Cauca. Finalmente, en la búsqueda de un mejor entendimiento de la persistencia de la pobreza, se examinan brevemente aspectos como: capital humano, gasto público y conflicto armado. La evidencia sugiere que la mayoría de municipios de la región se encuentran en una trampa espacial de pobreza. ******ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the incidence of poverty and inequalities in the Pacific Coast of Colombia. The document aims to understand the reasons why this region has been lagging behind others. To this end, we conduct a diagnostic of poverty measures such as: poverty line, Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index, Multidimensional Poverty Index, and effort required to reduce the socioeconomic gaps. The results show that regardless of the indicator used, the region is characterized by a high incidence of poverty, which is more salient in the municipalities of Chocó and Cauca. Finally, to understand why the high incidence of poverty is persistent we discuss the aspects related to human capital, public expenditure and armed conflict. We conclude that a most of the population in the region suffer from a "poverty trap" that refrains them to achieve a higher development.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Lina Marcela Moyano-Támara & Carlos Alberto Alba-Fajardo, 2016. "La persistencia de la pobreza en el Pacífico colombiano y sus factores asociados," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014628, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:014628
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    Keywords

    Pacífico; trampas de pobreza; desigualdades; capital humano; economía regional.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production

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