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The Bank Lending Channel of Monetary Policy: Does the Financial Structure of Banks Matter

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Abstract

This paper tests the impact of the financial structure of banks on the bank lending channel of monetary policy transmission in Colombia. Using a monthly panel of 51 commercial banks for the period 1996:4-2014:8, we find that an increase in the monetary policy interest rate significantly reduces bank loan growth. The magnitude of this effect critically depends on banks’ financial structure. Additionally, we identify an asymmetric effect depending on the monetary policy stance. The bank lending channel is stronger in times of monetary contraction than during expansions. We show that this asymmetric behavior is due to the heterogeneous response of banks with different levels of solvency to the monetary policy stance. We discuss the policy implications of our findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose E. Gomez-Gonzalez & Ali M. Kutan & Jair N. Ojeda-Joya & María Camila Ortiz, 2016. "The Bank Lending Channel of Monetary Policy: Does the Financial Structure of Banks Matter," Borradores de Economia 953, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:953
    DOI: 10.32468/be.953
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary Policy Transmission; Bank Lending Channel; Bank Financial Structure; Solvency; Heterogeneous Effects; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E59 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Other
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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