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Evoluzione del sistema bancario e finanziamento dell�economia nel Mezzogiorno

Author

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  • Fabio Panetta

    () (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

In the last decade the banks established in the Italian Mezzogiorno have reduced their cost-income ratios and improved their ability to screen customers, thus increasing their profitability. They have also widened the range of services they provide to customers. The spread between the cost of bank lending to firms in the South and North of Italy has narrowed substantially in recent years. Taking into account the differences in the size and industry composition of firms in the two areas, the spread is currently equal to 0.90 percentage points (the lowest value for fifteen years). Since 1990 the growth of bank loans in the North has outpaced that in the South. However, this divergence is only apparent, since it is largely a reflection of the greater proportion of new bad loans in relation to total lending in the South. Since the mid-1990s in the South the ratio of outstanding loans to local firms to funds raised locally has increased from 75 percent to around 85 percent. The ratio is lower than average for the banks established in the South, while it is greater than 100 percent for banks established in the North. The lower value of the loans-to-deposits ratio in the South reflects both structural features of the Southern economy and the way in which bank loans are allocated geographically in the financial statistics.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Panetta, 2003. "Evoluzione del sistema bancario e finanziamento dell�economia nel Mezzogiorno," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 467, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_467_03
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-discussione/2003/2003-0467/tema_467_03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Domenica J. Marchetti, 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 362, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Atkinson, A.B. & Brandolini, A., 2000. "Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of 'Secondary' Data -Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries," Papers 379, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
    3. Marchetti, D.J., 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Papers 362, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
    4. Dario Focarelli & Fabio Panetta, 2002. "Are Mergers Beneficial to Consumers? Evidence from the Market for Bank Deposits," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 448, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Massimo Sbracia & Andrea Zaghini, 2003. "The Role of the Banking System in the International Transmission of Shocks," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 727-754, 05.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mario Sarcinelli, 2005. "Politica bancaria e sviluppo economico: rileggendo l'era menichelliana e quella attuale," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 58(229), pages 3-28.
    2. Manuela Gallo & Valeria Vannoni, 2015. "Le determinanti dei tassi di interesse bancari nelle regioni italiane," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2015(1), pages 67-84.
    3. Albertazzi, Ugo & Eramo, Ginette & Gambacorta, Leonardo & Salleo, Carmelo, 2015. "Asymmetric information in securitization: An empirical assessment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 33-49.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banche; Mezzogiorno; fusioni bancarie;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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