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Productivity and foreign competition

  • Matteo Bugamelli

    ()

    (Banca d�Italia)

  • Alfonso Rosolia

    ()

    (Banca d�Italia)

The debate in Italy on the recent disappointing performance of GDP growth has focused on the increasing competitive pressure exerted by firms located in the developing countries and specialized in key product sectors of Italian manufacturing. This paper contributes by explicitly quantifying the effects of this competition on the efficiency of Italian manufacturing firms and sectors. The exercise exploits the exogenous nature of the entry into international markets of competing firms located in developing countries, largely attributable to trade liberalization policies and the initial forms of industrial development. The relation between the developing countries� market shares and sectoral productivity in Italy, both disaggregated according to the 3-digit Ateco91 classification, is found to be empirically positive. The effect is largely due to a process of creative destruction in which the least efficient firms exit the market and new firms of above-average efficiency enter.

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Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 578.

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Date of creation: Feb 2006
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_578_06
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Web page: http://www.bancaditalia.it

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  1. Luigi Guiso & Monica Paiella & Ignazio Visco, 2005. "Do capital gains affect consumption? Estimates of wealth effects from Italian households� behavior," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 555, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  2. Silvia Fabiani & Angela Gattulli & Roberto Sabbatini & Giovanni Veronese, 2006. "Consumer Price Setting in Italy," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 65(1), pages 31-74, May.
  3. Marchetti, D.J., 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Papers 362, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  4. Domenica J. Marchetti, 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 362, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  5. Ugo Albertazzi, 2006. "Incentives in universal banks," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 572, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia & Gobbi, Giorgio, 2001. "The changing structure of local credit markets: Are small businesses special?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2209-2237, December.
  7. BEHRENS, Kristian & LAMORGESE, Andrea R. & OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco I.P. & TABUCHI, Takatoshi, 2005. "Testing the ‘home market effect’ in a multi-country world," CORE Discussion Papers 2005055, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Matteo Bugamelli & Francesco Patern�, 2006. "Le rimesse dei lavoratori emigrati e le crisi di conto corrente," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 573, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  9. Piero Cipollone, 2001. "La convergenza dei salari manifatturieri in Europa," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 398, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  10. Atkinson, A.B. & Brandolini, A., 2000. "Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of 'Secondary' Data -Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries," Papers 379, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  11. repec:mul:je8794:doi:10.1429/25713:y:2007:i:3:p:321 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Giuseppe Bruno & Ernesto Maurizio Ordine & Antonio Scalia, 2005. "Banks� participation in the Eurosystem auctions and money market integration," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 562, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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