IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Caratteristiche e mutamenti della specializzazione delle esportazioni italiane


  • Paola Monti

    () (Bank of Italy, Economic Research Department)


This paper examines the product specialisation of Italian exports over the period 1985-2001 to identify the roots of Italy�s sluggish export performance with respect to world trade in the second half of the 1990s. In particular, the analysis focuses on the role of product specialisation in relation to world trade growth and competition from emerging countries. With regard to the first aspect, the paper finds that Italy�s export specialisation contributed to depressing total export growth because world demand for traditional and specialised suppliers products expanded at a slower pace in the 1990s than that for products in which Italy had a comparative disadvantage. With regard to the second aspect, confirming previous findings, the paper shows that only a small share of Italy�s exports in the 1990s competed directly with those of emerging countries, since on average they were of better quality. The analysis finds evidence of quality upgrading, a possible reaction to competitive pressures from low-cost goods exported by emerging countries that were able to exploit labour cost advantages in low-tech products. Quality upgrading has been an Italian as well as a European phenomenon, as data relative to the other three main euro-area countries indicate.

Suggested Citation

  • Paola Monti, 2005. "Caratteristiche e mutamenti della specializzazione delle esportazioni italiane," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 559, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_559_05

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Carbone, Anna & Henke, Roberto & Pozzolo, Alberto F., 2015. "Italian agri-food exports in the international arena," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 1, April.

    More about this item


    specializzazione commerciale; qualit�; paesi emergenti;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_559_05. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.