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A Consistent Nonparametric Test of Ergodicity for Time Series with Applications

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  • Domowitz, I.
  • El-Gamal, M.A.

Abstract

We propose a set of algorithms for testing the ergodicity of empirical time series, without reliance on a specific parametric framework. It is shown that the resulting test asymptotically obtains the correct size for stationary and nonstationary processes, and maximal power against non-ergodic but stationary alternatives. The test will not reject in the presence of nonstationarity that does not lead to ergodic failure. The work is linked to recent research on reformulations of the concept of integrated processes of order zero, and we demonstrate the means to operationalize new concepts of "short memory" for economic time series. Limited Monte Carlo evidence is provided with respect to power against the non-stationary and non-ergodic alternative of unit root processes. The method is used to investigate debates over stability of monetary aggregates relative to GDP, and the mean reversion hypothesis with respect to high frequency data on exchange rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Domowitz, I. & El-Gamal, M.A., 1997. "A Consistent Nonparametric Test of Ergodicity for Time Series with Applications," Working papers 9716, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  • Handle: RePEc:att:wimass:9716
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    Cited by:

    1. Corradi, Valentina & Swanson, Norman R. & White, Halbert, 2000. "Testing for stationarity-ergodicity and for comovements between nonlinear discrete time Markov processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 39-73, May.
    2. Victor Lebreton, 2007. "Le trading algorithmique," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00332823, HAL.
    3. Kim, Hyeongwoo & Ryu, Deockhyun, 2015. "Measuring the speed of convergence of stock prices: A nonparametric and nonlinear approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 227-241.
    4. Kim, Hyeongwoo & Ryu, Deockhyun, 2015. "A nonparametric study of real exchange rate persistence over a century," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 406-418.
    5. El-Gamal, Mahmoud A. & Ryu, Deockhyun, 2006. "Short-memory and the PPP hypothesis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 361-391, March.
    6. Domowitz, I. El-Gamal, M., 1997. "Financial Market Structure and the Ergocicity of Prices," Working papers 9719, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
    7. Yoosoon Chang & Robin C. Sickles & Wonho Song, 2017. "Bootstrapping unit root tests with covariates," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1-3), pages 136-155, March.
    8. Grazzini, Jakob & Richiardi, Matteo, 2015. "Estimation of ergodic agent-based models by simulated minimum distance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 148-165.
    9. Lopes, Sílvia R.C. & Prass, Taiane S., 2014. "Theoretical results on fractionally integrated exponential generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic processes," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 401(C), pages 278-307.
    10. Deockhyun Ryu & Mahmoud A. El-Gamal, 2004. "Short Memory and the PPP-puzzle," Econometric Society 2004 Far Eastern Meetings 577, Econometric Society.
    11. Jakob Grazzini, 2012. "Analysis of the Emergent Properties: Stationarity and Ergodicity," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 15(2), pages 1-7.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    TESTS ; TIME SERIES;

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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