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Is prevention better than cure? An empirical investigation for the case of Avian Influenza

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  • Longworth, Natasha
  • Jongeneel, Roelof A.
  • Saatkamp, H.W.
  • Huirne, Ruud B.M.

Abstract

The new EU Animal Health Strategy suggests a shift in emphasis away from control towards prevention and surveillance activities for the management of threats to animal health. The optimal combination of these actions will differ among diseases and depend on largely unknown and uncertain costs and benefits. This paper reports an empirical investigation of this issue for the case of Avian Influenza. The results suggest that the optimal combination of actions will be dependent on the objective of the decision maker and that conflict exists between an optimal strategy which minimises costs to the government and one which maximises producer profits or minimises negative effects on human health. From the perspective of minimising the effects on human health, prevention appears preferable to cure but the case is less clear for other objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • Longworth, Natasha & Jongeneel, Roelof A. & Saatkamp, H.W. & Huirne, Ruud B.M., 2008. "Is prevention better than cure? An empirical investigation for the case of Avian Influenza," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44200, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae08:44200
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44200
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Junwook Chi & Alfons Weersink & John A. VanLeeuwen & Gregory P. Keefe, 2002. "The Economics of Controlling Infectious Diseases on Dairy Farms," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 50(3), pages 237-256, November.
    4. Elbakidze, Levan & McCarl, Bruce A., 2006. "Animal Disease Pre-Event Preparedness versus Post-Event Response: When Is It Economic to Protect?," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(02), pages 327-336, August.
    5. Finnoff, David & Shogren, Jason F. & Leung, Brian & Lodge, David, 2005. "The importance of bioeconomic feedback in invasive species management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 367-381, February.
    6. Mussa, Michael & Rosen, Sherwin, 1978. "Monopoly and product quality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 301-317, August.
    7. Karl M. Rich & Alex Winter-Nelson, 2007. "An Integrated Epidemiological-Economic Analysis of Foot and Mouth Disease: Applications to the Southern Cone of South America," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(3), pages 682-697.
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    Keywords

    avian influenza; prevention; control; Livestock Production/Industries;

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