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Agricultural Market Reforms and Nutritional Transition in Rural China

Author

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  • Fan, Linlin
  • Nogueira, Lia
  • Baylis, Katherine R.

Abstract

In the 1990s, prior to its accession to the WTO, China dramatically reduced market distortions in its agriculture. We use panel data of 10,488 households from 1989 to 2000 and ask whether these reforms improved the welfare of rural Chinese households measured by the share of calories from non-staples (SCNS). We identify the effect of market liberalization by calculating the degree to which local markets reflect world prices. We find that market liberalization enhances both undernourished and nourished farmers' nutrition by increasing their value of agricultural production and off-farm income. Market liberalization is particularly beneficial for horticulture producers and remote, inland provinces.

Suggested Citation

  • Fan, Linlin & Nogueira, Lia & Baylis, Katherine R., 2013. "Agricultural Market Reforms and Nutritional Transition in Rural China," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150203, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:150203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    market liberalization; household food security; rural China; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; I32; O12; O24; Q18;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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